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cleanup actions were carried out, why those actions were selected, monitoring results, health and safety records, and which contaminants remain onsite. Otherwise, future generations will struggle to reconstruct today’s cleanup decisions and to understand the potential environmental risks left behind.

The loss of institutional memory can be rapid. For example, in the United States, within 2 years after the chemical waste site of Love Canal in New York State was sold, houses and a school were built atop the site, although the transfer deed specifically identified potential health hazards. Years later, a public emergency was declared because of illnesses, odors, and contamination seeping from the ground.

REFERENCES

Novikov, V., ed. 2007. The Nuclear Legacy in Urbanized Areas: Generic Problems and the Moscow Case Study (RR-07-001). Laxenburg, Austria: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.

Novikov, V. M., V. V. Lagutov, T. G. Sazykina, Yu. E. Gorlinskii, O. A. Nikolsky, and V. I. Pavlenko. 2005. Assessment of the effect of temporary storage sites for radioactive wastes on the territory of the Russian Science Center Kurchatov Institute on the population and the environment. Atomic Energy 99(2):588-595.

Rastorguev, A., K. Buharin, V. Volkov, D. Tsurikov, Yu. Zverkov, I. Rastorguev, and E. Volkova. 2005. Prognosis of radionuclide contamination spreading on the site of temporary waste storage of RRC Kurchatov Institute. In Proceedings of the International Congress ECORAD’2004: The Scientific Basis for Environment Protection Against Radioactivity, September 8-10, 2004, France, Vol. 40, Supplement 1, pp. 367-370.

Volkov V. G., N. N. Ponomarev-Stepnoi, E. S. Melkov, E. P. Ryazantsev, V. S. Dikarev, G. G. Gorodetsky, Yu. A. Zverkov, V. V. Kuznetsov, and T. I. Kuznetsova. 2003. Status of activities on rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated facilities and the site of Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute. In Proceedings of the Waste Management 2003 Symposium, Tucson, Arizona, February 23-27, 2003. Tucson: WM Symposia, Inc.

Volkov, V. G., Yu. A. Zverkov, S. G. Semenov, A. V. Chesnokov, and A. D. Shisha. 2009. Remediation of Contaminated Facilities at the Kurchatov Institute. Pp. 99-109 in Cleaning Up Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Materials: International Workshop Proceedings. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.



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