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with the associated safety concerns relating to the impacts on humans and the environment. The bulk of the radioactive waste found on the Andreev Bay site—primarily structural components and soil—belongs to this category. These materials need not be shipped away or containerized. It is simpler and cheaper to put them into surface storage facilities at the same site in keeping with rules and regulations that should be developed, validated, approved by the regulatory authorities, and accepted by the public and nongovernmental environmental organizations.

A proposal for introducing in Russia a waste category similar to the European VLLW was developed within the framework of Strategic Study No. 8 (in accordance with the Strategic Master Plan) in cooperation with representatives of the regulatory authorities.

The condition of Andreev Bay today is a legacy of the Cold War. Remediation of the site may be successfully accomplished through joint efforts by Russia and European countries, from a mutual willingness and ability to live in peace.

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