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TABLE 26-1 Cartographic Database

Object

Number of Locations

Uranium deposits

40

Plants and complexes of the nuclear fuel sector

17

Facilities with nuclear reactors (power, research, other)

69

Base ports for nuclear-powered ships

15

Shipbuilding and ship repair facilities

14

Nuclear weapons enterprises

7

Peaceful nuclear explosions

62

Nuclear test sites

8

Radiation-related accidents

10

Chernobyl accident consequences

11

Kyshtym accident—East Urals Trace

4

Radioactive waste storage sites and regional repositories

51

Concentrations of fission products of radioactive elements from reactors

25

Major nuclides from uranium ore reprocessing wastes and refining concentrates

13

bases for nuclear-powered ships, nuclear weapons plants, and radioactive waste disposal sites on land and at sea (263 site descriptions).

  • A digital map of the Barents and Karsk seas at a scale of 1:5,000,000 (G. G. Matishev, D. G. Matishev, and V. V. Nazimov, RAS Murmansk Marine Biological Institute) serves as an illustration of levels and main directions of radionuclide transfer in these bodies of water. The graphic database also includes information on cesium-137, cobalt-60, and plutonium-239/240 in bottom sediments, as well as cesium-137 in the water, lichens, soil, and fish.

  • A digital map presents radioactive contamination from cesium-137 in the European part of Russia, the Urals region, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, the Baltic countries, and western Georgia (scale 1:5,000,000). The Institute of Global Climate and Ecology of the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Rosgidromet) and RAS collected this data in 1993.

  • Digital maps of the East Urals Radioactive Trace (EURT) (edited by V. N. Chukanov, Ekaterinburg) at scales of 1:1,000,000 and 1:200,000 illustrate strontium-90 distribution in Kamensk Region at the time of an accident and later. Also included is the first officially published EURT status map with data provided by the Mayak enterprise (scale 1:1,000,000). It illustrates reconstructed levels of initial strontium-90 contamination of Kamensk Region as well as current levels in the area (scale 1:200,000).

Table 26-2 presents information about nuclear fuel cycle operations.

The RSR is being updated as new operating conditions develop. The following activities are of interest: estimation of radionuclide migration direction and intensity depending on the lithological, geochemical, and hydrological situation;



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