Cover Image


View/Hide Left Panel

TABLE 26-1 Cartographic Database


Number of Locations

Uranium deposits


Plants and complexes of the nuclear fuel sector


Facilities with nuclear reactors (power, research, other)


Base ports for nuclear-powered ships


Shipbuilding and ship repair facilities


Nuclear weapons enterprises


Peaceful nuclear explosions


Nuclear test sites


Radiation-related accidents


Chernobyl accident consequences


Kyshtym accident—East Urals Trace


Radioactive waste storage sites and regional repositories


Concentrations of fission products of radioactive elements from reactors


Major nuclides from uranium ore reprocessing wastes and refining concentrates


bases for nuclear-powered ships, nuclear weapons plants, and radioactive waste disposal sites on land and at sea (263 site descriptions).

  • A digital map of the Barents and Karsk seas at a scale of 1:5,000,000 (G. G. Matishev, D. G. Matishev, and V. V. Nazimov, RAS Murmansk Marine Biological Institute) serves as an illustration of levels and main directions of radionuclide transfer in these bodies of water. The graphic database also includes information on cesium-137, cobalt-60, and plutonium-239/240 in bottom sediments, as well as cesium-137 in the water, lichens, soil, and fish.

  • A digital map presents radioactive contamination from cesium-137 in the European part of Russia, the Urals region, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, the Baltic countries, and western Georgia (scale 1:5,000,000). The Institute of Global Climate and Ecology of the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Rosgidromet) and RAS collected this data in 1993.

  • Digital maps of the East Urals Radioactive Trace (EURT) (edited by V. N. Chukanov, Ekaterinburg) at scales of 1:1,000,000 and 1:200,000 illustrate strontium-90 distribution in Kamensk Region at the time of an accident and later. Also included is the first officially published EURT status map with data provided by the Mayak enterprise (scale 1:1,000,000). It illustrates reconstructed levels of initial strontium-90 contamination of Kamensk Region as well as current levels in the area (scale 1:200,000).

Table 26-2 presents information about nuclear fuel cycle operations.

The RSR is being updated as new operating conditions develop. The following activities are of interest: estimation of radionuclide migration direction and intensity depending on the lithological, geochemical, and hydrological situation;

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement