Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 34
The U.S. Commitment to Global Health: Recommendations for the New Administration WORKS CITED AbouZahr, M., J. Cleland, F. Coullare, S. B. Macfarlane, F. C. Notzon, P. Setel, and S. Szreter. 2007. The way forward. Lancet 370(9601):1791-1799. Adeyi, O., O. Smith, and S. Robles. 2007. Public policy and the challenge of chronic noncommunicable diseases. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. African Development Bank. 2006. African development report 2006: Aid, debt relief and development in Africa. New York: Oxford University Press. Ahmad, O. B., A. D. Lopez, and M. Inoue. 2000. The decline in child mortality: A reappraisal. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78(10):1175-1191. Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research. 2004. Strengthening health systems: The role and promise of policy and systems research. Geneva, Switzerland: Global Forum for Health Research. Asaria, P., D. Chisholm, C. Mathers, M. Ezzati, and R. Beaglehole. 2007. Chronic disease prevention: Health effects and financial costs of strategies to reduce salt intake and control tobacco use. Lancet 370(9604):2044-2053. Ash, C., B. R. Jasny, L. Roberts, R. Stone, and A. M. Sugden. 2008. Reimagining cities: Introduction. Science 319(5864):739. Baeza, C., and T. G. Packard. 2006. Beyond survival: Protecting households from health shocks in Latin America. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. Batniji, R. 2007. The other “10/90 gap”: Lessons from noncommunicable disease research. Geneva, Switzerland: Global Forum for Health Research. Beaglehole, R., S. Ebrahim, S. Reddy, J. Voûte, and S. Leeder. 2007. Prevention of chronic diseases: A call to action. Lancet 370(9605):2152-2157. Beaton, G. H. 1993. Effectiveness of vitamin A supplementation in the control of young child morbidity and mortality in developing countries. SCN News 9:17-23. Bennett, S. 2007. What is health policy and systems research and why does it matter? WHO, Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research. Bloom, D. E., and D. Canning. 2000. The health and wealth of nations. Science 287(5456):1207-1209. Bloom, D. E., and J. D. Sachs. 1998. Geography, demography, and economic growth in Africa. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (2):207-295. Brazilian president arrives in Mozambique to launch antiretroviral production initiative. 2008. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/125973.php (accessed November 1, 2008). Bryce, J., S. El Arifeen, G. Pariyo, C. F. Lanata, D. Gwatkin, and J. P. Habicht. 2003. Reducing child mortality: Can public health deliver? Lancet 362(9378):159-164. Burci, G. L., and C.-H. Vignes. 2004. World Health Organization. The Hague: Kluwer Law International. Campbell, O. M., and W. J. Graham. 2006. Strategies for reducing maternal mortality: Getting on with what works. Lancet 368(9543):1284-1299. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2007. Global youth tobacco survey (GYTS): Introduction. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5701a1.htm (accessed October 15, 2008). Childinfo. 2008. Statistics by area / child survival and health. http://www.childinfo.org/mortality.html (accessed August 18, 2008). Clemens, M. 2007. Do visas kill? Health effects of African health professional emigration. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development. Collier, P. 2007. The bottom billion: Why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it. New York: Oxford University Press. Davis, K. 1956. The population specter: Rapidly declining death rate in densely populated countries—the amazing decline of mortality in underdeveloped areas. The American Economic Review 46(2):305-318.
OCR for page 35
The U.S. Commitment to Global Health: Recommendations for the New Administration Disease control priorities in developing countries. 2006. Edited by D. T. Jamison, J. G. Breman, A. R. Measham, G. Alleyne, M. Claeson, D. B. Evans, P. Jha, A. Mills and P. Musgrove. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press and The World Bank. Disease Control Priorities Project. 2006. Noncommunicable diseases now account for a majority of deaths in low-and middle-income countries. Dodgson, R., K. Lee, and N. Drager. 2002. Global health governance: A conceptual review. Department of Health & Development, WHO. Dowdy, D. W., R. E. Chaisson, G. Maartens, E. L. Corbett, and S. E. Dorman. 2008. Impact of enhanced tuberculosis diagnosis in South Africa: A mathematical model of expanded culture and drug susceptibility testing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105(32):11293-11298. Dye, C. 2008. Health and urban living. Science 319(5864):766-769. Eggleston, K., L. Ling, M. Qingyue, M. Lindelow, and A. Wagstaff. 2006. Health service delivery in China: A literature review. Washington, DC: Policy Research Working Paper 3978, World Bank. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2008. Climate change adaptation and mitigation in the food and agriculture sector: Technical background document from the expert consultation held on 5 to 7 March 2008. Paper presented at Climate change, energy and food, Rome, Italy. Fawzi, W. W., T. C. Chalmers, M. G. Herrera, and F. Mosteller. 1993. Vitamin A supplementation and child mortality: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association 269(7):898-903. Feachem, R. G. 2002. Commission on Macroeconomics and Health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 80(2):87. Fogarty International Center. 2008. Research training grants. http://www.fic.nih.gov/programs/training_grants/ (accessed October 30, 2008). Frenk, J., T. Frejka, J. Bobadilla, C. Stern, J. Sepulveda, and M. Jose. 1989 (September 20-27). The epidemiologic transition in Latin America. Paper presented at International Population Conference, New Delhi. Frenk, J., E. González-Pier, O. Gómez-Dantés, M. A. Lezana, and F. M. Knaul. 2006. Comprehensive reform to improve health system performance in Mexico. Lancet 368(9546):1524-1534. Fuster, V., and J. Voûte. 2005. MDGs: Chronic diseases are not on the agenda. The Lancet 366(9496):1512-1514. Gapminder. 2008. Gapminder—unveiling the beauty of statistics for a fact based world view! http://www.gapminder.org/ (accessed June 1, 2008). Gardner, C. A., T. Acharya, and D. Yach. 2007. Technological and social innovation: A unifying new paradigm for global health. Health Affairs 26(4):1052-1061. Garrett, L. 2007. The challenge of global health. Foreign Affairs 86(1):14-38. Glasziou, P. P., and D. E. M. Mackerras. 1993. Vitamin A supplementation in infectious diseases: A metaanalysis. British Medical Journal 306(6874):366-370. Global burden of disease and risk factors. 2006. Edited by A. Lopez, C. Mathers, M. Ezzati, D. Jamison and C. Murray. New York: Oxford University Press and The World Bank. Global Forum for Health Research. 2004. Monitoring financial flows for health research. Geneva, Switzerland: Global Forum for Health Research. ———. 2008a. Health partnerships review. Geneva, Switzerland: Global Forum for Health Research. ———. 2008b. Monitoring financial flows for health research 2008: Prioritizing research for health equity. Geneva, Switzerland: Global Forum for Health Research. Global IDEA Scientific Advisory Committee. 2004. Health and economic benefits of an accelerated program of research to combat global infectious diseases. 171(10):1203-1208. Gottret, P., and G. Schieber. 2006. Health financing revisited: A practitioner’s guide. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. Grantham-McGregor, S., Y. B. Cheung, S. Cueto, P. Glewwe, L. Richter, and B. Strupp. 2007. Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries. Lancet 369(9555):60-70. Greenberg, H., S. U. Raymond, and S. R. Leeder. 2005. Cardiovascular disease and global health: Threat and opportunity. Health Affairs Suppl Web Exclusives:W-5-31-W-35-3141. Greenwood, B. M., D. A. Fidock, D. E. Kyle, S. H. I. Kappe, P. L. Alonso, F. H. Collins, and P. E. Duffy. 2008. Malaria: Progress, perils, and prospects for eradication. Journal of Clinical Investigation 118(4):1266-1276. Gupta, S., B. Clements, A. Pivovarsky, and E. Tiongson. 2004. Foreign aid and revenue response: Does the composition of aid matter? In Helping countries develop: The role of fiscal policy. Washington, DC: IMF. HM Government. 2008. Health is global: A UK government strategy 2008-13. Hopkins, S. 2006. Economic stability and health status: Evidence from East Asia before and after the 1990s economic crisis. Health Policy 75(3):347-357.
OCR for page 36
The U.S. Commitment to Global Health: Recommendations for the New Administration Hotez, P. J. 2001. Vaccines as instruments of foreign policy. The new vaccines for tropical infectious diseases may have unanticipated uses beyond fighting diseases. EMBO Reports 2(10):862-868. Hotez, P. J., D. H. Molyneux, A. Fenwick, J. Kumaresan, S. E. Sachs, J. D. Sachs, and L. Savioli. 2007. Control of neglected tropical diseases. New England Journal of Medicine 357(10):1018-1027. International Vaccine Institute. 2002. http://www.ivi.org/about_us/introduction.html (accessed November 1, 2008). IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1997. America’s vital interest in global health: Protecting our people, enhancing our economy, and advancing our international interests. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. ———. 2003. Microbial threats to health: Emergence, detection, and response. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. ———. 2007. PEPFAR implementation: Progress and promise. Edited by C. C. Jaime Sepúlveda, James Curran, William Holzemer, Helen Smits, Kimberly Scott, and Michele Orza. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. ———. 2008. Global climate change and extreme weather events: Understanding the contributions to infectious disease emergence. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Jamison, D. T., M. E. Sandbu, and J. Wang. 2004. Why has infant mortality decreased at such different rates in different countries? Bethesda, MD: Working Paper No. 21, Disease Control Priorities Project. Jamison, D. T., P. Jha, and D. Bloom. 2008. Copenhagen Consensus 2008 challenge paper: Disease control. Copenhagen, Denmark: Copenhagen Consensus Center. Jones, G., R. W. Steketee, R. E. Black, Z. A. Bhutta, and S. S. Morris. 2003. How many child deaths can we prevent this year? Lancet 362(9377):65-71. Jones, K. E., N. G. Patel, M. A. Levy, A. Storeygard, D. Balk, J. L. Gittleman, and P. Daszak. 2008. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 451(7181):990-993. Kanter, S. L. 2008. Global health is more important in a smaller world. Academic Medicine 83(2):115-116. Krishna, A. 2007a. For reducing poverty faster: Target reasons before people. World Development 35(11):1947-1960. ———. 2007b. Poverty and health: Defeating poverty by going to the roots. Development 50(2):63-69. Lagarde, E. 2007. Road traffic injury is an escalating burden in Africa and deserves proportionate research efforts. PLoS Medicine 4(6). Lau, S. K. P., P. C. Woo, K. S. M. Li, Y. Huang, H.-W. Tsoi, B. H. L. Wong, S. S. Y. Wong, S.-Y. Leung, K.-H. Chan, and K.-Y. Yuen. 2005. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-like virus in Chinese horseshoe bats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(39):14040-14045. Laxminarayan, R., A. J. Mills, J. G. Breman, A. R. Measham, G. Alleyne, M. Claeson, P. Jha, P. Musgrove, J. Chow, S. Shahid-Salles, and D. T. Jamison. 2006. Advancement of global health: Key messages from the Disease Control Priorities Project. Lancet 367(9517):1193-1208. Lee, K., ed. 2003. Health impacts of globalization: Towards global governance. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. Lee, K., Kent Buse, and Suzanne Fustukian, eds. 2002. Health policy in a globalizing world. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Leroy, J. L., J. P. Habicht, G. Pelto, and S. M. Bertozzi. 2007. Current priorities in health research funding and lack of impact on the number of child deaths per year. American Journal of Public Health 97(2):219-223. Levine, R. 2006. International health: Open letter to the incoming director general of the World Health Organization: Time to refocus. British Medical Journal 333(7576):1015-1017. ———. 2008a. Case studies in global health: Millions saved. Edited by R. Riegelman. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. ———. 2008b. Healthy foreign policy: Bringing coherence to the global health agenda. In The White House and the world: A global development agenda for the next U.S. President, edited by N. Birdsall. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development. Lim, S. S., T. A. Gaziano, E. Gakidou, K. S. Reddy, F. Farzadfar, R. Lozano, and A. Rodgers. 2007. Prevention of cardiovascular disease in high-risk individuals in low-income and middle-income countries: Health effects and costs. Lancet 370(9604):2054-2062. Logie, D. E., M. Rowson, and F. Ndagije. 2008. Innovations in Rwanda’s health system: Looking to the future. Lancet 372(9634):256-261. Masanja, H., D. de Savigny, P. Smithson, J. Schellenberg, T. John, C. Mbuya, G. Upunda, T. Boerma, C. Victora, T. Smith, and H. Mshinda. 2008. Child survival gains in Tanzania: Analysis of data from demographic and health surveys. Lancet 371(9620):1276-1283.
OCR for page 37
The U.S. Commitment to Global Health: Recommendations for the New Administration Mathers, C. D., D. M. Fat, M. Inoue, C. Rao, and A. D. Lopez. 2005. Counting the dead and what they died from: An assessment of the global status of cause of death data. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 83(3):171-177. McCarthy, M. 2005. Profile: Alfred Sommer: A life in the field and in the data. Lancet 365(9460):649. McColl, K. 2008. Europe told to deliver more aid for health. Lancet 371(9630):2072-2073. McKerrow, J. H. 2005. Designing drugs for parasitic diseases of the developing world. PLoS Medicine 2(8):0712-0714. McNicoll, G. 2003. Population and development: An introductory overview. New York: Population Council; Working Paper 174. Measles Initiative. 2008. Measles initiative: Together, we can save a life. http://www.measlesinitiative.org/index3.asp (accessed November 3, 2008). Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). 2008. http://www.undp.org/mdg/ (accessed October 27, 2008). The Millennium Development Goals report. 2008. New York: United Nations. Mills, A. 2007. Strengthening health systems. In The Commonwealth health ministers book 2007: Commonwealth Secretariat and Henley Media Group. Morris, J. R. 2006. Improving road safety in developing countries: Opportunities for U.S. Cooperation and engagement. Transportation Research Board - Special Report (287):1-80. Nantulya, V. M., and M. R. Reich. 2002. The neglected epidemic: Road traffic injuries in developing countries. BMJ 324(7346):1139-1141. NRC (National Research Council). 2006. The fundamental role of science and technology in international development: An imperative for the U.S. Agency for International Development. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2008a. Debt relief is down: Other ODA rises slightly: Tables and charts. http://www.oecd.org/document/8/0,3343,en_2649_34447_40381960_1_1_1_1,00.html (accessed November 13, 2008). ———. 2008b. Measuring aid to health. OECD. Okie, S. 2006. Global health—the Gates-Buffett effect. New England Journal of Medicine 355(11):1084-1088. Over, M. 2008. Prevention failure: The ballooning entitlement burden of U.S. Global AIDS treatment spending and what to do about it. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development. PEPFAR (The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief). 2007. The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief: Indicators, reporting requirements, and guidelines. ———. 2008a. Making a difference: Funding. http://www.pepfar.gov/press/80064.htm (accessed October 21, 2008). ———. 2008b. PEPFAR: A commitment renewed. http://www.pepfar.gov/press/107735.htm (accessed October 20, 2008). ———. 2008c. The power of partnerships: Latest PEPFAR results. http://www.pepfar.gov/press/106290.htm (accessed October 20, 2008). Pongou, R., J. A. Salomon, and M. Ezzati. 2006. Health impacts of macroeconomic crises and policies: Determinants of variation in childhood malnutrition trends in Cameroon. International Journal of Epidemiology 35(3):648-656. Ray, J. 2008. U.S. Leadership approval highest in sub-Saharan Africa. http://www.gallup.com/poll/106306/US-Leadership-Approval-Highest-SubSaharan-Africa.aspx (accessed October 31, 2008). Research!America. 2006. 2006 U.S. investment in global health research. Alexandria, VA: Research!America. Ronsmans, C., and W. J. Graham. 2006. Maternal mortality: Who, when, where, and why. Lancet 368(9542):1189-1200. Roodman, D. 2007. The 2007 Commitment to Development Index: Components and results. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development. Salaam-Blyther, T. 2008. Global health: Appropriations to USAID programs from FY2001 through FY2008. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, The Library of Congress. Schieber, G., L. Fleisher, and P. Gottret. 2006. Getting real on health financing. Finance and Development 43(4). Schieber, G. J., P. Gottret, L. K. Fleisher, and A. A. Leive. 2007. Financing global health: Mission unaccomplished. Health Affairs 26(4):921-934. Setel, P. W., S. B. Macfarlane, S. Szreter, L. Mikkelsen, P. Jha, S. Stout, and C. AbouZahr. 2007. A scandal of invisibility: Making everyone count by counting everyone. Lancet 370(9598):1569-1577. Sheeran, J. 2008. The challenge of hunger. Lancet 371(9608):180-181.
OCR for page 38
The U.S. Commitment to Global Health: Recommendations for the New Administration Snow, R. W., C. A. Guerra, A. M. Noor, H. Y. Myint, and S. I. Hay. 2005. The global distribution of clinical episodes of plasmodium falciparum malaria. Nature 434(7030):214-217. Strong, K., C. Mathers, S. Leeder, and R. Beaglehole. 2005. Preventing chronic diseases: How many lives can we save? Lancet 366(9496):1578-1582. Stuckler, D. 2008. Population causes and consequences of leading chronic diseases: A comparative analysis of prevailing explanations. Milbank Quarterly 86(2):273-326. Szreter, S. 2007. The right of registration: Development, identity registration, and social security—a historical perspective. World Development 35(1):67-86. Terror Free Tomorrow. 2005. A dramatic change of public opinion in the Muslim world: Results from a new poll in Pakistan. Terror Free for Tomorrow, Inc. ———. 2006. One year later: Humanitarian relief sustains change in Muslim public opinion: Results from a new poll in Indonesia. Terror Free for Tomorrow, Inc. The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health. 2001. Macroeconomics and health: Investing in health for economic development. The Global Fund. 2008. Fighting AIDS. http://www.theglobalfund.org/en/about/aids/ (accessed October 1, 2008). The White House. 2008. Fact sheet: A historic and lifesaving commitment to fight HIV/AIDS. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2008/07/20080730-9.html(accessed September 17, 2008). The World Bank. 2007. Healthy development: The World Bank strategy for health, nutrition, & population results. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. ———. 2008. Finance ministers urge bank, IMF to step up assistance to developing world. http://go.worldbank.org/L9E4MUC9A0 (accessed October 27, 2008). Tonascia, J. 1993. Meta-analysis of published community trials: Impact of vitamin A on mortality. Paper read at Bellagio Meeting on vitamin A deficiency and childhood mortality, New York. Trouiller, P., P. Olliaro, E. Torreele, J. Orbinski, R. Laing, and N. Ford. 2002. Drug development for neglected diseases: A deficient market and a public-health policy failure. Lancet 359(9324):2188-2194. UNAIDS (The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS). 2008. Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic 2008: Executive summary. Geneva, Switzerland: UNAIDS. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) and Government of Rwanda. 2007. Turning vision 2020 into reality. From recovery to sustainable human development. National human development report, Rwanda 2007. United Nations Development Programme Rwanda. UNICEF (The United Nations Children’s Fund). 2005. The “rights” start to life: A statistical analysis of birth registration. New York: UNICEF. ———. 2007. Progress for children: A world fit for children: Statistical review. New York: UNICEF. ———. 2008a. Statistics and monitoring. http://www.unicef.org/statistics/index_step1.php (accessed October 20, 2008). ———. 2008b. Tracking progress in maternal, newborn & child survival: The 2008 report. New York: UNICEF. United Nations Millennium Project. 2006. Investing in development: A practical plan to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. New York: UN. U.S. Department of State. 2006. Action today, a foundation for tomorrow: Second annual report to Congress on PEPFAR. ———. 2007. The budget in brief: Fiscal year 2008. Waters, H., F. Saadah, and M. Pradhan. 2003. The impact of the 1997-98 East Asian economic crisis on health and health care in Indonesia. Health Policy and Planning 18(2):172-181. WHO (World Health Organization). 1999. The world health report 1999: Making a difference. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. ———. 2002. World report on violence and health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. ———. 2003. Summary of probable SARS cases with onset of illness from 1 November 2002 to 31 July 2003. http://www.who.int/csr/sars/country/table2004_04_21/en/ (accessed November 12, 2008). ———. 2004. WHO medicines strategy: Countries at the core: 2004-2007. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. ———. 2005a. Preventing chronic diseases: A vital investment: WHO global report. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. ———. 2005b. WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. ———. 2006. Emergence of XDR-TB. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2006/np23/en/index.html (accessed November 10, 2008). ———. 2007a. Everybody business: Strengthening health systems to improve health outcomes: WHO’s framework for action. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.
OCR for page 39
The U.S. Commitment to Global Health: Recommendations for the New Administration ———. 2007b. Road traffic crashes leading cause of death among young people: New WHO report marks first UN Global Road Safety Week. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2007/pr17/en/index.html (accessed November 10, 2008). ———. 2007c. The world health report 2007: A safer future: Global public health security in the 21st century. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. ———. 2008. The global burden of disease: 2004 update. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. WHO, UNAIDS, and UNICEF. 2006. The world health report 2006: Working together for health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Widdus, R. 2005. Public-private partnerships: An overview. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 99(Suppl 1):S1-S8.
OCR for page 40
The U.S. Commitment to Global Health: Recommendations for the New Administration This page intentionally left blank.