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intake distributions (using information about the shape of current intake distributions) to determine if the desired objectives are likely to be achieved. As with any method of planning school meals, it would be necessary to assess the children’s actual nutrient intakes after changes are implemented by USDA to determine if the planning objectives have been achieved.

The school meal food targets would be supplemented with selected school meal nutrient targets for nutrients such as sodium, total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and a target for added sugars. An iterative process will be used to find the most satisfactory balance of food group targets to achieve consistency with Dietary Guidelines for Americans and DRIs. If it is workable, this approach may offer an additional advantage: the simplification of meal planning and monitoring.

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