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Nutritional Requirements (Interim Rule), Federal Register, 43:37166, August 22, 1978

Required school lunches to meet one-third of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) over a week’s time


NSLP; Nutritional Requirements (Final Rule), Federal Register, 45:32502, May 16, 1980

Recommended (not required) that schools vary portion sizes for four age groups: 1–2 years, 3–4 years, grades kindergarten–3 (ages 5–8), and grades 4–12 (ages 9 years and older); recommended larger portion sizes for grades 7–12; schools allowed to serve one meal pattern for all children in grades 4–12


Omnibus Reconciliation Act, P.L. 97-35

Created substantial reductions in meal reimbursement rates and commodity assistance; increased the charges to students for reduced-price lunches (from $0.20 to $0.40) and reduced-price breakfasts (from $0.10 to $0.30); expanded OVS to elementary schools and preschools at the discretion of the school food authority


Amendments to the National School Lunch Act and Child Nutrition Act, P.L. 99-591

Extended the OVS option to school breakfasts


Amendment of the National School Lunch Act, P.L. 100-135

Added three cents to the school breakfast rate


Commodity Distribution and Reform Act, P.L. 100-237

Focused on the quality of commodities and authorized the testing of cash in lieu of commodities or commodity letter of credit


1989 Reauthorization Act, P.L. 101-147

Provided start-up money for the initiation of breakfast programs


Healthy Meals for Healthy Americans Act, P.L. 103-448, Sec.106(b)

Required that the NSLP and the SBP meals meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans as they evolve; requires the use of a variety of meal-planning approaches, including food-based methods


National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs: School Meal Initiatives for Healthy Children (Final Rule), Federal Register, 60:31188, June 13, 1995

Allowed nutrient-based and food-based menu planning; revised the meal pattern by increasing the quantities of vegetables/fruits and grains and phased out the traditional meal pattern; set nutrition standards based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the 1989 RDAs; established specific minimum standards for key nutrients and calories; established the following age-grade groups: prekindergarten, kindergarten–6, 7–12, optional kindergarten–3

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