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Choose a diet moderate in sugars

  • This helps maintain a nutritious diet and healthy weight.

  • Sparing use of sugars is indicated for those with low calorie needs.

  • Avoid excessive snacking.

  • Regular daily dental hygiene … and an adequate intake of fluoride are suggested.


  • Choose fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, and whole grains often.

  • Choose and prepare foods and beverages with little added sugars or caloric sweeteners, such as the amounts suggested by the USDA Food Guide and the DASH Eating Plan.

  • Reduce the incidence of dental caries by practicing good oral hygiene and consuming sugar- and starch-containing foods and beverages less often.

Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium

  • Sodium is one of several factors that affect blood pressure.

Sodium and potassium

  • Consume less than 2,300 mg of sodium per day.

  • Choose and prepare foods with little salt. At the same time, consume potassium-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables.


  • Most Americans consume more salt than is needed.



  • Nutrition Facts Labels can help one identify foods that are lower in sodium (2,400 mg of sodium per day is identified as the Daily Value on Nutrition Facts Label).



NOTE: Not all text is quoted verbatim. Rewording was necessary, especially when the text touches on a subject without making a specific recommendation. Unless otherwise noted, the text is quoted verbatim. Italicized font denotes a new or revised recommendation. If a recommendation for children differs from that for adults, only the recommendation for children is given. Guidelines that pertain specifically to physical activity, food safety, and alcohol consumption were omitted because of lack of relevance to the committee’s work.

SOURCES: Derived from HHS/USDA, 1995, 2005.

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