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TABLE K-8Additional Macronutrient Recommendations

Macronutrient

Recommended Intake

Dietary cholesterol

As low as possible while consuming a nutritionally adequate diet

Trans fatty acids

As low as possible while consuming a nutritionally adequate diet

Saturated fatty acids

As low as possible while consuming a nutritionally adequate diet

Added sugars

Limit to a maximum intake of no more than 25% of total energya

aNot a recommended intake. A daily intake of added sugars that individuals should aim for to achieve a healthful diet was not set.

SOURCE: IOM, 2006.

TABLE K-9 Estimated Energy Requirements

Group

Equation Used to Estimate Energy Requirement

Males

 

3–8 yr

EER = 88.5 − (61.9 × age [yr]) + PA × [(26.7 × weight [kg]) + (903 × height [m])] + 20

9–18 yr

EER = 88.5 − (61.9 × age [yr]) + PA × [(26.7 × weight [kg]) +(903 × height [m])] + 25

Females

 

3–8 yr

EER = 135.3 − (30.8 × age [yr]) + PA × [(10.0 × weight [kg]) + (934 × height [m])] + 20

9–18 yr

EER = 135.3 − (30.8 × age [yr]) + PA × [(10.0 × weight [kg]) + (934 × height [m])] + 25

NOTE: Estimated energy requirement (calories per day) = total energy expenditure + energy deposition; kg = kilograms; m = meters; PA = physical activity coefficient (see Table J-10). These equations provide an estimate of energy requirement. Relative body weight (i.e., loss, stable, gain) is the preferred indicator of energy adequacy.

SOURCE: IOM, 2006.

TABLE K-10 Physical Activity Coefficients for Use in Estimated Energy Requirement Equations

Group

Physical Activity Coefficients for the Following Levels of Activity:

Sedentary (PAL 1.0–1.39)

Low Active (PAL 1.4–1.59)

Active (PAL 1.6–1.89)

Very Active (PAL 1.9–2.5)

Typical daily living activities (e.g., household tasks, walking to the bus)

Typical daily living activities plus 30–60 minutes of daily moderate activity (e.g., walking at 5–7 km/h)

Typical daily living activities plus at least 60 minutes of daily moderate activity

Typical daily living activities plus at least 60 minutes of daily moderate activity plus an additional 60 minutes of vigorous activity or 120 minutes of moderate activity

Males, 3–18 yr

1.00

1.13

1.26

1.42

Females, 3–18 yr

1.00

1.16

1.31

1.56

NOTE: PAL = physical activity level.

SOURCE: IOM, 2006.



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