sionals and paraprofessionals and the general public on the prevention of lead poisoning in infants and children. In carrying out the program, the Secretary shall make available information concerning the health effects of low-level lead toxicity, the causes of lead poisoning, and the primary and secondary preventive measures that may be taken to prevent such poisoning.”

“(b) Technology assessment and epidemiology; The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall, directly or through grants or contracts— [conduct various activities relation to the detection and treatment of lead toxicity in children].”

(42 U.S.C. ­§ 247b-3. Subchapter on General Powers and Duties. Federal-State Cooperation. Education, technology assessment, and epidemiology regarding lead poisoning.)

  • “(d) Technical assistance, data management, and applied research; (1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Under the existing authority of the Public Health Service Act [42 U.S.C.A. ­§ 201 et seq.], the Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall make awards of grants or cooperative agreements to provide technical assistance to State agencies to complement an intramural program and to conduct applied research related to newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems.”

    (42 U.S.C. ­§ 247b-4a. Subchapter on General Powers and Duties. Federal-State Cooperation. Early detection, diagnosis, and interventions for newborns and infants with hearing loss.)

  • “(b) Studies on relationship between prematurity and birth defects; (1) In general; The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, conduct ongoing epidemiological studies on the relationship between prematurity, birth defects, and developmental disabilities.”

    “(c) Pregnancy risk assessment monitoring survey; (1) In general; The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall establish systems for the collection of maternal-infant clinical and biomedical information, including elec-



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