FIGURE 3-1 Key factors in personal and population health.
aSocial conditions include economic inequality, urbanization, mobility, cultural values, and attitudes and policies related to discrimination.
bOther national conditions might include major sociopolitical shifts, such as recession, war, and government collapse.
cThe built environment includes transportation, water and sanitation, housing, and urban planning (Worthman, 1999).
SOURCE: Adapted from Dahlgren and Whitehead (1991), as printed in The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century (IOM, 2002b).