TABLE E-1 Overview of Disease Surveillance Systems Presented in the Workshop by Order of Presentationa

Systems Elements

GLEWS

WDIN

GAINS

NCASP

GPHIN

GOARN

Organizational Authority

OIE, FAO, and WHO

NWHC

WCS

Banfield and PU

PHAC

WHO

Date Initiated

2006

 

2006

2004

1998

2000

Data Source(s)

-OIE and FAO Disease Tracking Systems

-UN (WHO and others)

-EU

-Media

-web-based surveillance systems

Federal, state, and local government agencies; non-government organizations; private sector; and open source news reports

-Over 20 countries contribute wild bird data to GAINS.org with the support of FAO and WCS

-Census data from more than 105 million bird observations

-Banfield® electronic medical records (PetWare® Proprietary Software)

-MoH official reports

-Radio

-TV

-News (in Arabic, English, French, Farsi, Portuguese, Russian, Chinese, and Spanish)

Informal (ProMED, GPHIN), field data (case-based and aggregated data)

Data Verification

OIE’s Information Verification System; FAO EMPRES; OIE Reference Laboratories and Collaborating Centers; WHO Regional Office or country representative

Information not available

Field surveillance for HPAI in participating countries with the support of WCS staff and other GAINS partners

Information not available

Information filtered through an automated process and analyzed by GPHIN officials; WHO also verifies information

-WHO verifies information with member countries



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