pany in Indianapolis, Indiana. She is the former Charles H. McCauley Professor and chairman of the Department of Microbiology at the University of Alabama School of Medicine and Dentistry at Birmingham. Dr. Cassell was a member of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director’s Advisory Committee and a member of the Advisory Council of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of NIH. She was named to the original Board of Scientific Councilors of the Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and served as chair of the Board. She recently served a three-year term on the Advisory Board of the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and is a member of the Secretary of Health and Human Services Advisory Council of Public Health Preparedness. Currently she is a member of the Science Board of the Federal Food and Drug Administration. Since 1996, she has been a member of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Medical Science Program responsible for advising the respective governments (U.S. State Department/Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs) on joint research agendas. She has served on several editorial boards of scientific journals and has authored over 250 articles and book chapters. Dr. Cassell has received national and international awards and an honorary degree for her research in infectious diseases. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies and is currently serving on the IOM Council. She is a past president of the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) and has served as chair of the ASM Public and Scientific Affairs Board, is a former vice-president of the International Union of Microbiological Societies, has served as an advisor to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and has been an invited participant in numerous congressional hearings and briefings related to infectious diseases, antimicrobial resistance, and biomedical research. She has served two terms on the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, the accrediting body for U.S. medical schools as well as other national committees involved in establishing policies for training in the biomedical sciences. She is currently a member of the Executive Committee of the Board of Visitors of Columbia University School of Medicine, the Board of Directors of the Burroughs Wellcome Fund, the Advisory Council of the School of Nursing of Johns Hopkins University, and an Emeritus Director of Research!America.


Hernan Chaimovich is professor in the Department of Biochemistry of the Institute of Chemistry, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Brazil. He received a degree in Biochemistry from the Universidad de Chile, worked with Osvaldo Cori in apyrase enzymology, and spent two and a half years in the United States working under the supervision of C.A. Bunton (University of California, Santa Barbara) and F.H. Westheimer (Harvard University) in physical organic chemistry. He returned to Chile as an



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