Sheppard, D., W.L. Eschenbacher, and J. Epstein. 1984. Lack of bronchomotor response to up to 3 ppm formaldehyde in subjects with asthma. Environ Res. 35(1):133-139.

Shusterman, D., E. Matovinovic, and A. Salmon. 2006. Does Haber's law apply to human sensory irritation? Inhal. Toxicol. 18(7):457-471.

Staples, R.E. 1983. Teratology of formaldehyde. Pp. 51-59 in Formaldehyde Toxicity, J.E. Gibson, ed. New York: Hemisphere Press.

Stephens, E.R., E.F. Darley, O.C. Taylor, and W.E. Scott. 1961. Photochemical reaction products in air pollution. Int. J. Air Water Pollut. 4(1):79-100.

Tarkowski, M., and P. Gorski. 1995. Increased IgE antiovalbumin level in mice exposed to formaldehyde. Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol. 106(4):422-424.

Taskinen, H., P. Kyyrrönen, K. Hemminki, M. Hoikkala, K. Lajunen, and M.L. Lindbohm.1994. Laboratory work and pregnancy outcome. J. Occup. Med. 36(3): 311-319.

Taskinen, H.K., P. Kyyrönen, M. Sallmén, S.V. Virtanen, T.A. Liukkonen, O. Huida, M.L. Lindbohm, and A. Anttila. 1999. Reduced fertility among female wood workers exposed to formaldehyde. Am. J. Ind. Med. 36(1):206-212.

Uba, G., D. Pachorek, J. Bernstein, D.H. Garabrant, J.R. Balmes, W.E. Wright, and R.B. Amar. 1989. Prospective study of respiratory effects of formaldehyde among healthy and asthmatic medical students. Am. J. Ind. Med. 15(1):91-101.

Weber-Tschopp, A., T. Fischer, and E. Grandjean. 1977. Irritating effects of formaldehyde on men. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 39(4):207-218.

WHO (World Health Organization). 2002. Formaldehyde. Concise International Chemical Assessment Document 40. Geneva: World Health Organization [online]. Available: [accessed Dec. 26, 2007].

Witek Jr., T.J., E.N. Schachter, T. Tosun, G.J. Beck, and B.P. Leaderer. 1987. An evaluation of respiratory effects following exposure to 2.0 ppm formaldehyde in asthmatics: Lung function, symptoms, and airway reactivity. Arch. Environ. Health 42(4):230-237.

Wong, K.L. 1994. Formaldehyde. Pp. 91-120 in Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentrations for Selected Airborne Contaminants, Vol. 1. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Woutersen, R.A., L.M. Appelman, J.W. Wilmer, H.E. Falke, and V.J. Feron. 1987. Subchronic (13-week) inhalation toxicity study of formaldehyde in rats. J. Appl. Toxicol. 7(1):43-49.

Woutersen, R.A., A. van Garderen-Hoetmer, J.P. Bruijntjes, A. Zwart, and V.J. Feron. 1989. Nasal tumours in rats after severe injury to the nasal mucosa and prolonged exposure to 10 ppm formaldehyde. J. Appl. Toxicol. 9(1):39-46.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement