ing, and analysis. He joined IPA in 1994 as a project analyst and was IPA’s quality manager from 1997 to 1999. From 2000 until mid-2004, he was the director of IPA’s Netherlands office with the responsibility of serving clients in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. As a project analyst, Mr. Barshop focused on evaluating downstream process projects, especially in the petroleum and chemical areas. He led numerous benchmarking efforts and conducted more than 75 individual analyses of capital projects. He also led research to contribute to the understanding of the performance and drivers of control system projects. His latest research efforts include the study of the effectiveness of engineering value centers and the study of best practices. Mr. Barshop holds a master’s degree in business and a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering. Prior to joining IPA, he worked for Shell Oil Company in the United States. His areas of expertise include benchmarking and best practices in the construction industry.

Maria Brunette is an assistant professor in the Department of Work Environment at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. She has published numerous articles and conducted research across a broad spectrum of topics, including quality of work life, occupational stress, and the safety and health of Hispanic workers in the United States. Dr. Brunette’s work focuses on applying human factors and systems engineering to the design of work systems. Her interests include methods for measuring the role of job, organizational, and cultural factors in the quality of work life. In all of these areas, her focus is on underrepresented ethnic groups and women, especially those of Hispanic origin. Her scholarly interests include macroergonomics, job and organizational design, job satisfaction and stress, and occupational safety and health. Dr. Brunette received her degrees in industrial engineering from the University of Lima, Peru (B.Sc.), from the University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez (M.Sc.), and from the University of Wisconsin-Madison (Ph.D.). Her areas of expertise include ergonomics, human factors and engineering, and Hispanic workers.

Patricia A. Buffler is professor of epidemiology and holds the Kenneth and Marjorie Kaiser Chair in Cancer Epidemiology in the School of Public Health at University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Buffler’s research interests include the environmental causes of cancer, especially gene-environment interaction and childhood cancer, lung cancer, leukemia, brain cancer, and breast cancer; epidemiologic research methods; and the uses of epidemiologic data in health policy. She has served on numerous committees of the National Research Council including the following: Committee on Gulf War and Health: Health Effects Associated with Exposure During the Persian Gulf War; Subcommittee to Review the Hanford Thyroid Disease Study Final Results and Report; Committee on Environmental Justice: Research,

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