Schools with a high proportion of minority students have the least qualified teachers and the fewest tools to work with. That has to change. It has to change not because we would like it to change, and not even because we want equal rights. It has to change because those children are the future of this country and its survival…. This is our war for today — right here on our shores — to educate our young people.

EDDIE BERNICE JOHNSON, U.S. Representative from Texas

It takes years or decades to build the capability to have a society that depends on science and technology. You need to generate the scientists and engineers, starting in elementary school and middle school. You have to fund the fundamental research that those scientists do. You have to generate the engineers who can turn those scientific breakthroughs into products and services. And then you have to have the right environment for innovation.

SALLY RIDE, Chief Executive Officer of Sally Ride Science

secured for the expansion, since “this is where the rubber is going to hit the road,” Hutchison said. In addition, NMSI is working to replicate programs like the one in Dallas in other districts and states. For example, when NMSI issued a request for proposals to promote AP classes and train AP teachers, 28 states applied, and NMSI was able to fund 7 grants. “That means there are 21 states already on a waiting list that Congress can help us fund,” said Tom Luce.

Support for Basic Research

Rising Above the Gathering Storm called for the federal government to increase its investment in long-term basic research by 10 percent each year over the next seven years. The administration responded to this recommendation in its American Competitiveness Initiative, which established a trajectory to double the collective budgets of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the laboratories of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and the Department of Energy’s Office of Science over ten years. In turn, the America COMPETES Act authorized funding that would achieve this doubling in seven years.

However, the FY 2008 appropriations bills severely disappointed the expectations of research supporters. According to Augustine, the 2008 appropriations process experi-

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