His second issue had to do with violence supported on the basis of religion. Violence that is justified on the basis of religion—Islam, Christianity, or any other religion—is very bad. The attitude of some leaders all over the world that he cited was, “If you are not with us, we can do what we want to you.” His final point was that you have to replace violence with love. That was his philosophical point.

In the third issue on U.S.-Iranian relations, he made the point that the problem is much bigger than bilateral relationships and must be viewed within the entire global system which has developed. He characterized the systemic problem as the developed versus the developing world. This was the same point that was made in the newspaper this morning. He argued, understandably, that dialogue is the solution. But it must be based on fairness, equality, and justice. Whether you agree with that or not, it is important that we try to capture this idea in the proceedings.

Ferenc Szidarovszky: President Khatami made the important point, “If you don’t have security in one place, you don’t have security anywhere.”

Sobouti: Yes, this point is to be emphasized.


Solving many of the world’s problems—such as climate change—will require innovation of new technologies. Unfortunately the ecology of laws, regulations, and institutions that support innovation were invented for technologies of the past and do not support current and future technologies well. We need an international process to rethink the elements of this ecology.

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