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the founding of a new partnership in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector were made in early 2002, with the UK and Indonesia and UNIDO as first major partners. Nine other governments expressed their interest in the new initiative at this stage (among them Austria, India and Norway, key governmental partners today); fourteen others were invited. Efforts were made to acquire several important partners from the private sector, including businesses (e.g., Shell, IT Power, UK Business Council on Sustainable Energy, BP) and NGOs (WWF, Greenpeace) as well as IOs (ASEAN, UNEP, IEA). The initial provisions expected $500,000 of UK funding for the Secretariat, to be supported by other donors at later stages. First goals and targets were sketched out at that time.

REEEP is meant to be an open-ended initiative to facilitate multi-stakeholder cooperation in the renewable energy and sustainable development sector. As such it does not have an intended end date. Its focus was global from the start, and with an International Secretariat, eight Regional Secretariats (RS) and 2 additional local focal points (North Africa and West Africa), the partnership is being implemented in 57 countries on six continents. Apart from regional governing bodies, REEEP has lower level representations of the hosting institutions in the countries of implementation (e.g. REC Country Offices and Field Offices). The Regional Secretariats (RS) are subcontracted independent organizations, with the exception of South East Asia and Pacific RS is a dedicated REEEP representation financed by the Australian government. REEEP is a cooperative platform for more than 3,500 members, and 250 registered partners, among them 45 governmental actors (both national and subnational), including all of the G7 states, 180 private entities and six international organizations (UN DESA 2008). The is constantly growing. More than one-third of the governmental partners are European, 31 percent are from Asia, 18 percent are American states, 11 percent from Africa, and two from Australia and Oceania

Naturally, the national governments are seen as strategic partners, and their role is slightly different from that of regular partners (financial assistance). State partners need to declare an interest in joining the partnership, and then explicitly commit to the REEEP mission by signing a formal declaration. The most interesting and important ‘new’ member is definitely Norway. The Norwegian government, represented by Erik Solheim, Minister for the Environment and International Development, was looking for means to implement the idea of mainstreaming environmental considerations into international development and development aid. From this arose the “Norwegian action plan for environment in development cooperation” for which Norway needed implementing agencies. REEEP was chosen after careful considerations, negotiations, and evaluations. According to a senior REEEP official, one of the elements of REEEP that the Norwegians emphasized as being important from their point of view was the bottom-up



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