Appendix C
Bibliography

Acs, Zoltan, and David Audretsch. 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Advanced Technology Program. 2001. Performance of 50 Completed ATP Projects, Status Report Number 2. NIST Special Publication 950-2. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2003. Beyond Measure: A Profile of ATP Health Care Investments. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2003. Powering Our High-Speed Economy: A Profile of ATP Energy Investments. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2003. Survey of ATP Applicants 2000. NIST GCR 03-847. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2004. Measuring ATP Impact: 2004 Report on Economic Progress. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2005. A Profile of ATP Manufacturing Investments, Inspiring Innovations in Industry. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2005. Survey of ATP Applicants 2002. NIST GCR 05-876. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitzki. 2005. “Using Innovation Survey Data to Evaluate R&D Policy: The Case of Flanders.” Catholic University of Leuven, Department of Applied Economics and Steunpunt O&O Statistieken.

Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitski. 2006. “The Impact of Public R&D Funding in Flanders.” IWT Studies 54.



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Appendix C Bibliography Acs, Zoltan, and David Audretsch. 1990. Innoation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Advanced Technology Program. 2001. Performance of 50 Completed ATP Projects, Status Re- port Number 2. NIST Special Publication 950-2. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2003. Beyond Measure: A Profile of ATP Health Care Inestments. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2003. Powering Our High-Speed Economy: A Profile of ATP Energy Inestments. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2003. Surey of ATP Applicants 2000. NIST GCR 03-847. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2004. Measur- ing ATP Impact: 200 Report on Economic Progress. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2005. A Profile of ATP Manufacturing Inestments, Inspiring Innoations in Industry. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Advanced Technology Program and National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2005. Surey of ATP Applicants 2002. NIST GCR 05-876. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitzki. 2005. “Using Innovation Survey Data to Evaluate R&D Policy: The Case of Flanders.” Catholic University of Leuven, Department of Applied Economics and Steunpunt O&O Statistieken. Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitski. 2006. “The Impact of Public R&D Funding in Flanders.” IWT Studies 54. 168

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16 APPENDIX C Aghion, Phillipe, Robin Burgess, Stephen Redding, and Fabrizio Zilibotti. 2003. “The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Theory and Evidence from India.” Washington, DC: Center for Eco - nomic Policy Research. Agrawal, A. and R. Henderson. 2002. “Putting Patents in Context: Exploring Knowledge Transfer from MIT.” Management Science 48(1):44-60. Ahluwalia, Montek Singh. 2001. “State Level Reforms Under Economic Reforms in India.” Stanford University Working Paper No. 96, March. Aizcorbe, A., K. Flamm, and A. Kurshid. 2002. “The Role of Semiconductor Inputs in IT Hardware Price Decline: Computers vs. Communications.” Federal Reserve Finance and Economics Discussion Paper 2002-37. Washington, DC: The Federal Reserve Board of Governors. August 2002; revised 2004. Aizcorbe, A., S. Oliner, and D. Sichel. 2006. “Shifting Trends in Semiconductor Prices and the Pace of Technological Progress.” Federal Reserve Board Finance and Economics Discussion Series Working Paper No. 2006-44. September. Alberts, David, John Garska, and Frederick Stein. 1999. Network Centric Warfare. Washington, DC: Department of Defense Command and Control Research Program. Available at . Alic, John A., Lewis M. Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton B. Carter, and Gerald L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spin-off: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Allen, Stuart D., Albert N. Link, and Dan T. Rosenbaum. 2007. “Entrepreneurship and Human Capi - tal: Evidence of Patenting Activity from the Academic Sector.” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 31(6):937-951. Allison, J., and M. Lemley. 1998. “Empirical Evidence on the Validity of Litigated Patents.” AIPLA Quarterly Journal 26:185-277. Altenburg, Tilman, Hubert Schmitz, and Andreas Stamm. 2008. “Breakthrough: China’s and India’s Transition from Production to Innovation.” World Deelopment 36(2):325-344. American Intellectual Property Law Association. 2004. Reply to the National Academies Report. Washington, DC: American Intellectual Property Law Association. Amsden, Alice H. 2001. The Rise of “the Rest”: Challenges to the West from Late-industrializing Economies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Amsden, Alice H. and Wan-wen Chu. 2003. Beyond Late Deelopment: Taiwan’s Upgrading Policies. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Amsden, Alice H., Ted Tschang, and Akira Goto. 2001. “Do Foreign Companies Conduct R&D in Developing Countries?” Tokyo, Japan: ADB Institute. Anderson, Gary, Jeanne Powell, and Stephanie Shipp. 2003. “Improving the Advanced Technol - ogy Program’s Business Reporting System—A Firm-Level R&D Survey.” Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Government Statistics Section, [CD-ROM]. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association. Aoki, Reiko, and Sadao Nagaoka. 2004. “The Consortium Standard and Patent Pools.” The Economic Reiew (Keizai Kenkyu) 55(4):345-356. Aoki, Reiko, and Sadao Nagaoka. 2005. “Coalition Formation for a Consortium Standard through a Standard Body and a Patent Pool: Theory and Evidence from MPEG2, DVD and 3G.” IIR Working Paper WP#05-01. February. Applied Research Institute, Inc. 2006. Surey of the Enironment for Startups. Applied Research Institute. November. Archibugi, Danielle, Jeremy Howells, and Jonathan Michie, eds. 1999. Innoation Policy and the Global Economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Argyres, N. S., and J. P. Liebeskind. 1998. “Privatizing the Intellectual Commons: Universities and the Commercialization of Biotechnology.” Journal of Economic Behaior & Organization 35:427-454.

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10 UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARKS Arora, A., and R. P. Merges. 2004. “Specialized Supply Firms, Property Rights, and Firm Boundar- ies.” Industrial and Corporate Change 13(3):451-476. Arora, A., M. Ceccagnoli, and W. Cohen. 2001. “R&D and the Patent Premium.” Carnegie-Mellon University and INSEAD: paper presented at the ASSA Annual Meetings. January 2002. Atlanta, Georgia. Arora, A., A. Fosfuri, and A. Gambardella. 2003. “Markets for Technology and Corporate Strategy.” In O. Granstrand, ed., Economics, Law, and Intellectual Property, Boston, MA: Kluwer Aca- demic Publishers. Arrow K. J. 2000. “Increasing Returns: Historiographic Issues and Path Dependence.” European Journal of the History of Economic Thought 7(2):171-180. Arrow, Kenneth. 1962. The Rate and Direction of Inentie Actiity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Uni- versity Press. Pp. 609-626. Arthur, W. 1989. “Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-in by Historical Small Events.” Economic Journal 99(2):116-131. Asheim, Bjorn T. et al., eds. 2003. Regional Innoation Policy for Small-medium Enterprises. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Association of University Research Parks. 1998. “Worldwide Research & Science Park Directory 1998.” New York: BPI Communications. Association of University Research Parks. 2008 “The Power of Place: A National Strategy for Build - ing America’s Communities of Innovation.” Tucson, AZ: Association of University Research Parks. Athreye, Suma S. 2000. “Technology Policy and Innovation: The Role of Competition Between Firms.” In Pedro Conceicao et al., eds. Science, Technology, and Innoation Policy: Opportunities and Challenges for the Knowledge Economy. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. Atkinson, Robert. 2004. The Past and Future of America’s Economy–Long Waes of Innoation that Power Cycles of Growth. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Atkinson, Robert. 2006. “Is the Next Economy Taking Shape?” Issues in Science and Technology. Winter. Audretsch, D. B., ed. 1998. Industrial Policy and Competitie Adantage, Volumes 1 and 2. Chelten- ham, UK: Edward Elgar. Audretsch, D. B. 1998. “Agglomeration and the Location of Innovative Activity.” Oxford Reiew of Economic Policy 14(2):18-29. Audretsch, D. B. 2001. “The Prospects for a Technology Park at Ames: A New Economy Model for Industry-Government Partnership?” In National Research Council. A Reiew of the New Initia- ties at the NASA Ames Research Center. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Audretsch, D. B. 2006. The Entrepreneurial Society. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Audretsch, D. B., and M. P. Feldman. 1996. “R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production.” American Economic Reiew 86(3):630-640. Audretsch, D. B., and M. P. Feldman. 1999. “Innovation in Cities: Science-based Diversity, Special - ization, and Localized Competition.” European Economic Reiew 43(2):409-429. Audretsch, D. B., B. Bozeman, K. L. Combs, M. P. Feldman, A. N. Link, D. S. Siegel, P. Stephan, G. Tassey, and C. Wessner. 2002. “The Economics of Science and Technology.” Journal of Technology Transfer 27:155-203. Audretsch, D. B., H. Grimm, and C. W. Wessner. 2005. Local Heroes in the Global Village: Global- ization and the New Entrepreneurship Policies. New York: Springer. Auerswald, Philip E., Lewis M. Branscomb, Nicholas Demos, and Brian K. Min. 2005. Understand- ing Priate-Sector Decision Making for Early-Stage Technology Deelopment: A “Between Inention and Innoation Project” Report. NIST GCR 02–841A. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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12 UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARKS Branscomb, Lewis M., and Philip E. Auerswald. 2002. Between Inention and Innoation: An Analy- sis of Funding for Early-Stage Technology Deelopment. NIST GCR 02–841. Gathersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. November. Braudel, Fernand. 1973. Capitalism and Material Life 100-1800. London, UK: Harper Colophon Books. Breschi, S. and F. Lissoin. 2001. “Knowledge Spillovers and Local Innovation Systems: A Critical Survey.” Industrial and Corporate Change 10(4):975-1005. Browning, L., and J. Shetler. 2000. SEMATECH: Saing the U.S. Semiconductor Industry. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. Buchanan, James M. 1987. “An Economic Theory of Clubs.” In Economics: Between a Predictie Science and Moral Philosophy. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. Bush, Nathan. 2005. “Chinese Competition Policy, It Takes More than a Law.” China Business Reiew. May-June. Bush, Vannevar. 1945. Science: The Endless Frontier. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Capron, Henri, and Michele Cincera. 2006. Strengths and Weaknesses of the Flemish Innoation System: An External Viewpoint. Brussels, Belgium: IWT. Caracostas, Paraskevas, and Ugur Muldur. 2001. “The Emergence of the New European Union Research and Innovation Policy.” In P. Laredo and P. Mustar, eds. Research and Innoation Policies in the New Global Economy: An International Comparatie Analysis. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Castells, M., and P. Hall. 1994. Technopoles of the World. London, UK: Oxford University Press. Cebrowski, Arthur, and John Garska. 1998. “Network Centric Warfare: Its Origin and Future.” U.S. Naal Institute Proceedings. January. Chambers, John, ed. 1999. The Oxford Companion to American Military History. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Chan, K. F., and Theresa Lau. 2005. “Assessing Technology Incubator Programs in the Science Park: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.” Technoation 25(10):1215-1228. Chand, Satish, and Kunal Sen. 2002. “Trade Liberalization and Productivity Growth: Evidence from Indian Manufacturing.” Reiew of Deelopment Economics 6, February. Chang, Connie, Stephanie Shipp, and Andrew Wang. 2002. The Advanced Technology Program: A Public-Private Partnership for Early-stage Technology Development. Venture Capital 4(4): 363-370. Chesbrough, Henry. 2003. Open Innoation: The New Imperatie for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press. April. China Daily. 2008. “China Luring ‘Sea Turtles’ Home.” December 18. China Trade Extra. 2005. China Agrees to Delay Software Procurement Rule While Talking with U.S. July 11. Chinese Ministry of Finance. 2006. Opinions of the Ministry of Finance on Implementing Goernment Procurement Policies That Encourage Indigenous Innoation. Cai Ku [2006] No. 47, June 13. Chordà, I. M. 1996. “Towards the Maturity State: An Insight into the Performance of French Techno - poles.” Technoation 16(3):143-152. Chuma, Hiroyuki. 2006. “Increasing Complexity and Limits of Organization in the Microlithography Industry: Implications for Science-based Industries.” Research Policy 35:394-411. Chuma, Hiroyuki, and Norikazu Hashimoto. 2007. “Moore’s Law, Increasing Complexity and Limits of Organization: Modern Significance of Japanese DRAM ERA.” NISTEP Discussion Paper No. 44. National Institute of Science and Technology Policy. Cimoli, Mario, and Marina della Giusta. 2000. “The Nature of Technological Change and its Main Implications on National and Local Systems of Innovation.” IIASA Interim Report IR-98-029. Cincera, Michele. 2006. Comparison of Regional Approaches to Foster Innoation in the European Union: The Case of Flanders. Brussels, Belgium: IWT.

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16 UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARKS Feller, Irwin. 2004. A Comparatie Analysis of the Processes and Organizational Strategies Engaged in by Research Uniersities Participating in Industry-Uniersity Research Relationships. Final report submitted to the University of California Industry-University Cooperative Research Pro - gram. Agreement No. M-447646-19927-3. Ferguson, R. and C. Olofsson. 2004. “Science Parks and the Development of NTBFs: Location, Survival and Growth.” Journal of Technology Transfer 29(1): 5-17. Field, A. J. 2003. “The Most Technologically Progressive Decade of the Century.” American Eco- nomic Reiew (September):1406. The Financial Times. 2005. “World Leader in Patents Focuses on Incremental Innovations.” October 12. The Financial Times. 2006. “India Needs Big Infrastructure Drive.” February 23. Flamm, K. 1996. Mismanaged Trade: Strategic Policy and the Semiconductor Industry. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. Flamm, K. 2003. “Microelectronics Innovation: Understanding Moore’s Law and Semiconductor Price Trends.” International Journal of Technology, Policy, and Management 3(2). Flamm, K. 2003. “The New Economy in Historical Perspective: Evolution of Digital Technology.” In New Economy Handbook. St. Louis, MO: Academic Press. Flamm, Kenneth. 2003. “SEMATECH Revisited: Assessing Consortium Impacts on Semiconductor Industry R&D.” In National Research Council. Securing the Future: Regional and National Programs to Support the Semiconductor Industry. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Flamm, K. 2006. “The Economics of Innovation in Microprocessors.” Draft. December. Florida, Richard, Tim Gulden, and Charlotta Mellander. 2007. “The Rise of the Mega-Region.” October. Foerst, Ann. 2005. God in the Machine. New York: Penguin Books. Fogarty, Michael S., Amit K. Sinha, and Adam B. Jaffe. Forthcoming. ATP and the U.S. Innoation System—A Methodology for Identifying Enabling R&D Spilloer Networks with Applications to Micro-electromechanical Systems (MEMS) and Optical Recording . Draft report submitted to ATP. Fonfria, Antonio, Carlos Diaz de la Guardia, and Isabel Alvarez. 2002. “The Role of Technol- ogy and Competitiveness Policies: A Technology Gap Approach.” Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics 13(1-2-3):223-241. Fong, Glenn R. 2001. “ARPA Does Windows: The Defense Underpinning of the PC Revolution,” Business and Politics 3(3). Foray, Dominique, and Patrick Llerena. 1996. “Information Structure and Coordination in Technology Policy: A Theoretical Model and Two Case Studies.” Journal of Eolutionary Economics 6(2). Fortune. 2006. “America’s Most Admired Companies 2006.” Friedman, Thomas. 2005. The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century. New York: W. H. Freeman. Fujimura, Shuzo. 2000. “Handotai Rikkoku Futatabi.” (In Japanese.) Nikkann-Kogyo Shin-bun-sha. Fujimura, Shuzo, and Hiroyuki Chuma. 2006. “Semiconductor Consortia in Japan: Experiences and Lessons.” Presentation at the conference, 21st Century Innoation Systems for the United States and Japan: Lessons from a Decade of Change. Tokyo, Japan: The National Academies, NISTEP of Japan, and The Institute of Innovation Research of Hitotsubashi University. .Fukao, Kuoji, and Hyeog Ug Kwon. 2005. “Why Did Japan’s TFP Growth Slow Down in the Lost Decade? An Empirical Analysis Bases on Firm- Level Data of Manufacturing Firms” RIETI Discussion Paper Series. 05-E-004. Fukugawa, N. 2006. “Science Parks in Japan and Their Value-Added Contributions to New Technol - ogy-based Firms” International Journal of Industrial Organization 24(2):381-400. Furman, Jeffrey L., Michael E. Porter, and Scott Stern. 2002. “The Determinants of National Innova - tive Capacity.” Research Policy 31:899-933.

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1 APPENDIX C Gallaher, M. P., A. N. Link, and J. E. Petrusa. 2006. Innoation in the U.S. Serice Sector. London, UK: Routledge. Geiger, R. 1986. To Adance Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press. Geiger, R. 1993. Research and Releant Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press. George, Gerard, and Ganesh N. Prabhu. 2003. “Developmental Financial Institutions as Technology Policy Instruments: Implications for Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies.” Research Policy 32(1):89-108. Gibb, M. J. 1985. Science Parks and Innoation Centres: Their Economic and Social Impact. Am- sterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. Goldstein, H. A., and M. I. Luger. 1990. “Science/Technology Parks and Regional Development Theory.” Economic Deelopment Quarterly 4(1):64-78. Goldstein, H. A., and M. I. Luger. 1992. “University-based Research Parks as a Rural Development Strategy.” Policy Studies Journal 20(2):249-263. Good, Mary. 2005. Presentation at the National Academies Conference, “Accelerating Innovation.” Washington, DC. October 19. Goodwin, James C., et al. 1999. Technology Transition. Arlington, VA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. Government of the People’s Republic of China. 2004. Anticompetitie Practices of Multinational Companies and Countermeasures. Administration of Industry and Commerce, Office of Anti- monopoly, Fair Trade Bureau, State Administration of Industry and Commerce. May. Government of the People’s Republic of China, Office of Anti-monopoly, Fair Trade Bureau, State Administration of Industry and Commerce. 2004. “Anticompetitive Practices of Multinational Companies in China and Countermeasures.” Journal of Administration of Industry and Com- merce. May. Government of the People’s Republic of China. 2005. Article 10: Exemptions of Monopoly Agree- ments. Anti-Monopoly Law of the People’s Republic of China. Revised July 27. Government of the People’s Republic of China, Ministry of Information Industry. 2006. “Outline of the 11th Five-Year Plan and Medium-and-Long-Term Plan for 2020 for Science and Technology Development in the Information Industry.” Xin Bu Ke, No. 309, August 29. Government of the People’s Republic of China, National Development and Reform Commission. 2006. The 11th Five-Year Plan. March 19. . Grande, Edgar. 2001. “The Erosion of State Capacity and European Innovation Policy: A Comparison of German and EU Information Technology Policies.” Research Policy 30(6):905-921. Grayson, L. 1993. Science Parks: An Experiment in High-Technology Transfer London, UK: The British Library Board. Griffing, Bruce. 2001. “Between Invention and Innovation, Mapping the Funding for Early-Stage Technologies.” Presentation at Carnegie Conference Center. Washington, DC. January 25. Griliches, Z. 1993. “The Search for R&D Spillovers.” Scandinaian Journal of Economics 94(S): S29-S47. Grindley, Peter, David Mowery, and Brian Silverman. 1994. “SEMATECH and Collaborative Re - search: Lessons in the Design of High Technology Consortia.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 13(4):723-758. Grove, A. 2001. Swimming Across. New York: Warner Books. Guellec, Dominique, and Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie. 2001. “R&D and Productivity Growth: Panel Data Analysis of 16 OECD Countries.” Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. DSTI Working Papers 2001/314. June. Guo Ban Han No. 0. 2006. Letter from the General Office of the State Council on Approving the Formulation of the Rules for Implementation of the Several Supporting Policies for Implementa- tion of the Outline of the National Medium and Long-term Plan for Development of Science and Technology. Gazette of the State Council. Issue No. 17, Serial No. 1196, June 20.

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18 UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARKS Guy, I. 1996. “A Look at Aston Science Park.” Technoation 16(5):217-218. Guy, I. 1996. “New Ventures on an Ancient Campus.” Technoation 16(6):269-270. Hackett, S. M., and D. M. Dilts. 2004. “A Systematic Review of Business Incubation Research.” Journal of Technology Transfer 29(1):55-82. Hall, B. H. 2002. “The Assessment: Technology Policy.” Oxford Reiew of Economic Policy 18(1):1-9. Hall, B. H. 2004. “Exploring the Patent Explosion.” NBER Working Paper 10605. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Hall, B. H. 2005. “Exploring the Patent Explosion.” Journal of Technology Transfer 30:35-48. Hall, B. H., and R. H. Ziedonis. 2001. “The Patent Paradox Revisited: An Empirical Study of Patenting in the U.S. Semiconductor Industry. 1979-1995.” RAND Journal of Economics 32:101-128. Hall, B. H., A. N. Link, and J. T. Scott. 2001. “Barriers Inhibiting Industry from Partnering with Uni - versities: Evidence from the Advanced Technology Program.” Journal of Technology Transfer 26(1-2):87-98. Hall, B. H., A. N. Link, and J. T. Scott. 2003. “Universities as Research Partners.” Reiew of Econom- ics and Statistics 85(2):485-491. Hall, B. H., A. Jaffe, and M. Trajtenberg. 2005. “Market Value and Patent Citations.” RAND Journal of Economics 36:16-38. Halpern, Mark. 2006. “The Trouble with the Turing Test.” The New Atlantis 11(Winter):42-63. Hane, G. 1999. “Comparing University-Industry Linkages in the United States and Japan.” In L. Branscomb, F. Kodama, and R. Florida, eds. Industrializing Knowledge. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Hansson, F., K. Husted, and J. Vestergaard. 2005. “Second Generation Science Parks: From Struc - tural Holes Jockeys to Social Capital Catalysts of the Knowledge Society.” Technoation 25(9):1039-1049. Hart, David. 1998. Forged Consensus. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Hashimoto, T. 1999. “The Hesitant Relationship Reconsidered: University-Industry Cooperation in Postwar Japan.” In Lewis M. Branscomb, Fumio Kodama, and Richard Florida, eds. Industri- alizing Knowledge: Uniersity-Industry Linkage in Japan and the United States. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Hayashi, Fumio, and Edward C. Prescott. 2002. “The 1990s in Japan: A Lost Decade.” Reiew of Economic Dynamics 5(1):206-235. Heller, M., and R. Eisenberg. 1998. “Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research.” Science 280:698. Henderson, J. V. 1986. “The Efficiency of Resource Usage and City Size.” Journal of Urban Eco- nomics 19(1):47-70. Henderson, Jennifer A., and John J. Smith. 2002. “Academia, Industry, and the Bayh-Dole Act: An Implied Duty to Commercialize.” White Paper. Center for the Integration of Medicine and In - novative Technology. Harvard University. October. Henderson, R., M. Trajtenberg, and A. Jaffe. 1998. “Universities as a Source of Commercial Tech - nology: A Detailed Analysis of University Patenting, 1965-1988.” Reiew of Economics and Statistics 80(1):119-127. Henderson, R., L. Orsenigo, and G. P. Pisano. 1999. “The Pharmaceutical Industry and the Revolution in Molecular Biology: Interactions among Scientific, Institutional, and Organizational Change.” In D. C. Mowery and R. R. Nelson, eds. Sources of Industrial Leadership. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Hennessy, J. L., and D. A. Patterson 2002. Computer Architecture: A Quantitatie Approach. 3rd edition. San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc. Hicks, D., T. Breitzman, D. Olivastro, and K. Hamilton. 2001. “The Changing Composition of Innovative Activity in the U.S.—A Portrait Based on Patent Analysis.” Research Policy 30(4):681-704.

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186 UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARKS National Academy of Engineering. 2004. The Engineer of 2020: Visions of Engineering in the New Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Sciences/National Academy of Engineering/Insitute of Medicine. 2007. Ris- ing Aboe the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Institute of Science and Technology Policy and Mitsubishi Research Institute. 2005. Goern- ment S&T Budget Analysis during the First and Second S&T Basic Plans. (Dai-ikki oyobi dai- niki Kagaku-Gijutu-Kihonkeikaku kikanchuu no kenkyuu-kaihatu-soushi no naiyou-bunseki ). NISTEP Report No. 84. March. National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council. 2006. “The National Strategy for Manufacturing.” New Delhi, India. March. National Research Council. 1982. Scientific Communication and National Security. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1987. Balancing the National Interest: U.S. National Security Export Controls and Global Economic Competition. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1996. Conflict and Cooperation in National Competition for High- technology Industry. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. The Adanced Technology Program: Challenges and Opportunities. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. Funding a Reolution: Goernment Support for Computing Research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. Industry-Laboratory Partnerships: A Reiew of the Sandia Science and Technology Park Initiatie. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. New Vistas in Transatlantic Science and Technology Cooperation. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. The Small Business Innoation Research Program: Challenges and Opportunities. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2000. The Small Business Innoation Research Program: A Reiew of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiatie. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2000. U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitie Performance. David C. Mowery, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. The Adanced Technology Program: Assessing Outcomes. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Building a Workforce for the Information Economy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Capitalizing on New Needs and New Opportunities: Goernment- Industry Partnerships in Biotechnology and Information Technologies. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. A Reiew of the New Initiaties at the NASA Ames Research Center. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Trends in Federal Support of Research and Graduate Education. Stephen A. Merrill, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2002. Goernment-Industry Partnerships for the Deelopment of New Technologies: Summary Report. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Acad- emies Press. National Research Council. 2003. Goernment-Industry Partnerships for the Deelopment of New Technologies: Summary Report. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Acad- emies Press.

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18 APPENDIX C National Research Council. 2003. Securing the Future: Regional and National Programs to Support the Semiconductor Industry. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2004. Getting Up to Speed: The Future of Supercomputing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2004. A Patent System for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The Na- tional Academies Press. National Research Council. 2004. Productiity and Cyclicality in Semiconductors: Trends, Implica- tions, and Questions. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2004. The Small Business Innoation Research Program: Program Diersity and Assessment Challenges. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2005. Getting Up to Speed: The Future of Superconducting. Susan L. Graham, Marc Snir, and Cynthia A. Patterson, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2005. Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Post- doctoral Scholars in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. Enhancing Productiity Growth in the Information Age: Measuring and Sustaining the New Economy. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. India’s Changing Innoation System. Charles W. Wessner and Sujai J. Shivakumar, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. Innoation Policies for the 21st Century. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. SBIR and the Phase III Challenge of Commercialization. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the SBIR Program. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the Department of Energy. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Science Foun- dation. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. Innoatie Flanders: Innoation Policies for the 21st Century. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. 21st Century Innoation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change. Sadao Nagaoka, Masayuki Kondo, Kenneth Flamm, and Charles Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Institutes of Health. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Science Board. 2004. Science and Engineering Indicators 200. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Board. 2006. Science and Engineering Indicators, Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Board. 2008. Science and Engineering Indicators 2008. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Foundation. 2004. Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 200. NSF 05-300. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

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