Aghion, Phillipe, Robin Burgess, Stephen Redding, and Fabrizio Zilibotti. 2003. “The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Theory and Evidence from India.” Washington, DC: Center for Economic Policy Research.
Agrawal, A. and R. Henderson. 2002. “Putting Patents in Context: Exploring Knowledge Transfer from MIT.” Management Science 48(1):44-60.
Ahluwalia, Montek Singh. 2001. “State Level Reforms Under Economic Reforms in India.” Stanford University Working Paper No. 96, March.
Aizcorbe, A., K. Flamm, and A. Kurshid. 2002. “The Role of Semiconductor Inputs in IT Hardware Price Decline: Computers vs. Communications.” Federal Reserve Finance and Economics Discussion Paper 2002-37. Washington, DC: The Federal Reserve Board of Governors. August 2002; revised 2004.
Aizcorbe, A., S. Oliner, and D. Sichel. 2006. “Shifting Trends in Semiconductor Prices and the Pace of Technological Progress.” Federal Reserve Board Finance and Economics Discussion Series Working Paper No. 2006-44. September.
Alberts, David, John Garska, and Frederick Stein. 1999. Network Centric Warfare. Washington, DC: Department of Defense Command and Control Research Program. Available at <http://www.dodccrp.org/files/Alberts_NCW.pdf>.
Alic, John A., Lewis M. Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton B. Carter, and Gerald L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spin-off: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Allen, Stuart D., Albert N. Link, and Dan T. Rosenbaum. 2007. “Entrepreneurship and Human Capital: Evidence of Patenting Activity from the Academic Sector.” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 31(6):937-951.
Allison, J., and M. Lemley. 1998. “Empirical Evidence on the Validity of Litigated Patents.” AIPLA Quarterly Journal 26:185-277.
Altenburg, Tilman, Hubert Schmitz, and Andreas Stamm. 2008. “Breakthrough: China’s and India’s Transition from Production to Innovation.” World Development 36(2):325-344.
American Intellectual Property Law Association. 2004. Reply to the National Academies Report. Washington, DC: American Intellectual Property Law Association.
Amsden, Alice H. 2001. The Rise of “the Rest”: Challenges to the West from Late-industrializing Economies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Amsden, Alice H. and Wan-wen Chu. 2003. Beyond Late Development: Taiwan’s Upgrading Policies. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Amsden, Alice H., Ted Tschang, and Akira Goto. 2001. “Do Foreign Companies Conduct R&D in Developing Countries?” Tokyo, Japan: ADB Institute.
Anderson, Gary, Jeanne Powell, and Stephanie Shipp. 2003. “Improving the Advanced Technology Program’s Business Reporting System—A Firm-Level R&D Survey.” Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Government Statistics Section, [CD-ROM]. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.
Aoki, Reiko, and Sadao Nagaoka. 2004. “The Consortium Standard and Patent Pools.” The Economic Review (Keizai Kenkyu) 55(4):345-356.
Aoki, Reiko, and Sadao Nagaoka. 2005. “Coalition Formation for a Consortium Standard through a Standard Body and a Patent Pool: Theory and Evidence from MPEG2, DVD and 3G.” IIR Working Paper WP#05-01. February.
Applied Research Institute, Inc. 2006. Survey of the Environment for Startups. Applied Research Institute. November.
Archibugi, Danielle, Jeremy Howells, and Jonathan Michie, eds. 1999. Innovation Policy and the Global Economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Argyres, N. S., and J. P. Liebeskind. 1998. “Privatizing the Intellectual Commons: Universities and the Commercialization of Biotechnology.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 35:427-454.