global leadership positions, as well as corporate and university governance. Her work is highlighted by numerous national and international awards and honors, as well as distinguished alumni awards. Dr. Hwang was inducted into Women in Technology International Hall of Fame and named an Industry Week R&D Star to Watch. In her 30-year career, she has built new businesses in corporate America, having held senior executive positions with Lockheed Martin Corp., SCM Corp., Sherwin Williams Co., and co-founded entrepreneurial businesses. She is internationally recognized as a pioneer and long-standing leader in the fast-moving infrastructure development of electronics miniaturization and environment-friendly manufacturing. She is also an invited distinguished adjunct professor at the engineering school of Case Western Reserve University and has served on the University’s board of trustees since 1996. Dr. Hwang is the holder of several patents and author of more than 300 publications; she is the sole author of several internationally used textbooks published by McGraw-Hill and other European and Japanese publishers. She is a columnist for the globally circulated trade magazines Global Solar Technology and SMT, where she addresses technology issues and global market thrusts, respectively. Additionally, she is a prolific author and speaker on education, workforce, and social and business issues. Over the years, she has taught over 25,000 researchers and engineers in professional development courses, focusing on disseminating new technologies and providing the professional advancement education to the workforce. Additionally, Dr. Hwang has served as a board director for Fortune 500 NYSE and NASDAQ-traded private companies and various university and civic boards. She has also served on the International Advisory Board of the Singapore Advanced Technology and Manufacturing Institute, among other international organizations. Her formal education includes a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering, two M.S. degrees in chemistry and liquid crystal science, respectively, and a B.S. in chemistry. She attended the Harvard Business School Executive Program.

Anthony Hyder is associate vice president for graduate studies and research and professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame. Dr. Hyder’s research is in the interaction of spacecraft with the space environment. His recent work has focused on the design of spacecraft systems, especially the electrical power and thermal management subsystems, and on the operation of high-sensitivity infrared sensors aboard spacecraft. He has also worked in the physics of high-brightness particle accelerators. He has been appointed to a number of national and international panels and advisory boards, including the NATO sensors panel, the Defense Intelligence Agency scientific advisory board, the advisory board for the Missile Defense Agency, and the Army Science Board. Dr. Hyder is a graduate of Notre Dame with a B.S. in physics. He holds an M.S. in space physics and a Ph.D. in nuclear physics from the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT). He received the AFIT distinguished alumnus title in 2005.

Fred Lybrand is vice president, North America, for Elmarco, an equipment provider for the industrial-scale production of nanofibers, where he is responsible for new markets and sales and production strategy. He has transitioned between the finance and technology sectors several times. He raised and invested $2 billion into private equity and venture capital funds on behalf of state pension plans with Parish Capital, managed sales and business development with a private-equity-backed semiconductor manufacturer, and financed a number of midmarket and seed-stage transactions as part of Wachovia Securities. Mr. Lybrand holds an undergraduate degree in biology from the University of Virginia, an M.B.A. from the University of North Carolina, and the CFA and LIFA charters.

Peter Schwartz is cofounder and chairman of Global Business Network, a partner of the Monitor Group, which is a family of professional services firms devoted to enhancing client competitiveness. An internationally renowned futurist and business strategist, Mr. Schwartz specializes in scenario planning and works with corporations, governments, and institutions to create alternative perspectives of the future and develop robust strategies for a changing and uncertain world. His current research and scenario work encompasses energy resources and the environment, technology, telecommunications, media and entertainment, aerospace, and national security. Mr. Schwartz is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a member of the board of trustees of the Santa Fe Institute, the Long Now Foundation, the World Affairs Council, and Human Rights Watch. He is the author of Inevitable Surprises, a provocative look at the dynamic forces at play in the world today and their implications for business and society. His first book, The Art of the Long View, is considered a seminal publication on scenario planning and has been translated into multiple languages. He is also a co-author of The Long Boom, When Good Compa-

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