expected outcomes from short-term R&D efforts. Assumptions derived from understanding the environment for a particular technology can be integrated into a quantitative forecast for the industry to use in revenue assessments and investment decisions.

Long Term

Long-term forecasts are forecasts of the deep future. The deep future is characterized by great uncertainty in how current visions, signposts, and events will evolve and the likelihood of unforeseen advances in technology and its applications. These forecasts are critical because they provide scenarios to help frame long-term strategic planning efforts and decisions and can assist in the development of a portfolio approach to long-term resource allocation.

While long-term forecasts are by nature highly uncertain, they help decision makers think about potential futures, strategic choices, and the ramifications of disruptive technologies.

CONCLUSION

Modern technological forecasting has only been utilized since the end of WWII. In the last 50 years, technology forecasts have helped decision makers better understand potential technological developments and diffusion paths. The range of forecasting methods has grown and includes rigorous mathematical models, organized opinions such as those produced by the Delphi method, and the creative output of scenarios and war games. While each method has strengths, the committee believes no single method of technology forecasting is fully adequate for addressing the range of issues, challenges, and needs that decision makers face today. Instead, it believes that a combination of methods used in a persistent and open forecasting system will improve the accuracy and usefulness of forecasts.

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