• The gap between the knowledge at hand and the knowledge needed.

  • Research priorities for understanding life-cycle risks to humans and the environment.

  • The estimated resources that would be needed to address the gap over a specified time frame.

As part of a broader strategic plan, NNI should continue to foster the successful interagency coordination effort that led to its 2008 document with the aim of ensuring that the federal plan is an integral part of the broader national strategic plan for investments in nanotechnology-related environmental, health, and safety research. In doing so, it will need a more robust gap analysis. The federal plan should identify milestones and mechanisms to ascertain progress and identify investment strategies for each agency. Such a federal plan could feed into a national strategic plan but would not itself be a broad, multistake-holder national strategic plan. Development of a national strategic plan should begin immediately and not await further refinement of the current federal strategy.


A robust national strategic plan for addressing nanotechnology-related EHS risks will need to focus on promoting research that can assist all stakeholders, including federal agencies, in planning, controlling, and optimizing the use of engineered nanomaterials while minimizing EHS effects of concern to society. Such a plan will ensure the timely development of engineered nanoscale materials that will bring about great improvements in the nation’s health, its environmental quality, its economy, and its security.

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