Appendix E
Principal Studies Sponsored by the National Academies That Address the Impact of National Security Controls on the Conduct of Science and Technology

TABLE 1 Summary of Areas of Recommendation for National Academy Reports (1982-2007)

NRC Report

Biosecurity

Classification

Export Controls

Risk Assessment

Scientific Communication

VISA Controls

Space Science and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (2008)

 

 

Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World (2007)

 

Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences (2006)

 

 

 

 

Critical Technology Accessibility (2006)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rising Above the Gathering Storm (2005)

 

 

 

 

Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States (2005)

 

 

 

 

 



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OCR for page 107
Appendix E Principal Studies Sponsored by the National Academies That Address the Impact of National Security Controls on the Conduct of Science and Technology TABLE 1 Summary of Areas of Recommendation for National Academy Reports (1982-2007) Risk Scientific Bio- Classifi- Export Assess- Commu- VISA NRC Report security cation Controls ment nication Controls √ √ √ √ Space Science and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (2008) √ √ √ √ √ Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World (2007) √ √ Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences (2006) Critical Technology Accessibility (2006) √ √ Rising Aboe the Gathering Storm (2005) √ Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States (2005) continued 10

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10 APPENDIX E TABLE 1 Continued Risk Scientific Bio- Classifi- Export Assess- Commu- VISA NRC Report security cation Controls ment nication Controls √ √ Assessment of Department of Defense Basic Research (2005) Aoiding Surprise in an Era of Global Technology Adances (2005) √ √ √ Seeking Security: Pathogens, Open Access, and Genome Databases (2004) √ √ √ Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism (2004) √ √ √ Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism (2002) √ √ Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security Controls at the Nuclear Weapons Laboratories (1999) √ Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society (1996) √ √ A Reiew of the Department of Energy Classification Policy and Practice (1995) continued

OCR for page 107
109 APPENDIX E TABLE 1 Continued Risk Scientific Bio- Classifi- Export Assess- Commu- VISA NRC Report security cation Controls ment nication Controls √ Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Enironment (1991) √ Global Trends in Computer Technology and Their Impact on Export Control (1988) √ Balancing the National Interest: U.S. National Security Export Controls and Global Economic Competition (1987) √ √ Scientific Communication and National Security (1982)