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OCR for page 107
Beyond "Fortress America": National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World Appendix E Principal Studies Sponsored by the National Academies That Address the Impact of National Security Controls on the Conduct of Science and Technology TABLE 1 Summary of Areas of Recommendation for National Academy Reports (1982-2007) NRC Report Biosecurity Classification Export Controls Risk Assessment Scientific Communication VISA Controls Space Science and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (2008) √ √ √ √ Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World (2007) √ √ √ √ √ Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences (2006) √ √ Critical Technology Accessibility (2006) Rising Above the Gathering Storm (2005) √ √ Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States (2005) √
OCR for page 108
Beyond "Fortress America": National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World NRC Report Biosecurity Classification Export Controls Risk Assessment Scientific Communication VISA Controls Assessment of Department of Defense Basic Research (2005) √ √ Avoiding Surprise in an Era of Global Technology Advances (2005) Seeking Security: Pathogens, Open Access, and Genome Databases (2004) √ √ √ Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism (2004) √ √ √ Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism (2002) √ √ √ Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security Controls at the Nuclear Weapons Laboratories (1999) √ √ Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society (1996) √ A Review of the Department of Energy Classification Policy and Practice (1995) √ √
OCR for page 109
Beyond "Fortress America": National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World NRC Report Biosecurity Classification Export Controls Risk Assessment Scientific Communication VISA Controls Finding Common Ground: U.S. Export Controls in a Changed Global Environment (1991) √ Global Trends in Computer Technology and Their Impact on Export Control (1988) √ Balancing the National Interest: U.S. National Security Export Controls and Global Economic Competition (1987) √ Scientific Communication and National Security (1982) √ √