technology base. If a technology is to be defined as militarily critical, the system must be clearly delineated from everything else, and that definition should not extend controls over broad swaths of technologies with multiple applications.

  1. Partner with Allies: The United States needs to create a basis for cooperative control of shared technology with friendly nations, that assures that timely agreement can be reached on what to control, and that all relevant parties have control systems that are as secure as our own. If controls on shared technology cannot be agreed and implemented on a multilateral basis, they cannot be effective.

  2. Run faster: Advances in exploiting technology and in furthering research are typically made when the fundamentals of a field are understood, a process that takes generally place in the unclassified and the international communities. The United States must prevent technological surprise by being better poised to anticipate and capitalize on research breakthroughs than those who would use these advances to harm us or compete against us economically. The leading technology edge for militarily critical technologies should be delineated and re-examined on a periodic basis.

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