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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Science, Security, and Prosperity.

Beyond “fortress America” : national security controls on science and technology in a globalized world / Committee on Science, Security, and Prosperity [and] Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security, Development, Security, and Cooperation, Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council of the National Academies.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN-13: 978-0-309-13026-4 (soft cover)

ISBN-10: 0-309-13026-3 (soft cover)

1. Communication of technical information—Government policy—United States. 2. Communication in science—Government policy—United States. 3. Technology and state—United States. 4. Science and state—United States. 5. National security—United States. 6. Research—Government policy—United States. 7. Export controls—United States. I. National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security. II. Title.

T10.5.N38 2009



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COVER: The fort on the cover page, built in the early 1800s, is located on Governor’s Island, N.Y.

Copyright 2009 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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