TABLE 2 Federal Obligations for Research and Development by Basic Carnegie Classification: 2005
NOTE: Dollar amounts are in thousands. ERIs are shaded.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulation.
The impact of research on student outcomes has been studied extensively by the Council on Undergraduate Research, represented at the workshop by Kerry Karukstis, president of the Council on Undergraduate Research and professor of chemistry at Harvey Mudd College. Articles have appeared in the Council on Undergraduate Research Quarterly that attest to the merits of undergraduate research and emphasize the need for all institutions, regardless of size or disciplinary focus, to integrate research fully into undergraduate education. These include Wesemann (2007), Mateja (2006), Lopatto (2003), Hakim (1998), and Spilich (1997). Some of these writers reference the Boyer Commission’s Report, “Reinventing Undergraduate Education” (Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University, 1998 and 2002) that makes research-based learning the standard for undergraduate education for all institutions.
In the workshop, Karukstis proposed a definition for undergraduate research, as follows:
Undergraduate research is an inquiry or investigation conducted by an undergraduate in collaboration with a faculty mentor that makes an original intellectual or creative contribution to the discipline.