• review and summarize the overall emergency response activities and available health care capacity (including shelter, evacuation, decontamination, and medical infrastructure interdependencies) to treat the affected population;

  • examine the capacity and identify gaps in the capability of the federal, state, and local authorities to deliver available medical countermeasures in a timely enough way to be effective;

  • review and summarize available treatments for pertinent radiation illnesses, including the efficacy of medical countermeasures; and

  • appraise the expected benefit of medical countermeasures, including those currently under development.

8:30 a.m.

Welcome, Introductions, and Overview of Workshop Purpose and Objectives

 

GEORGES C. BENJAMIN, Committee Chair

Executive Director

American Public Health Association

 

B. TILMAN JOLLY

Office of Health Affairs

Department of Homeland Security

SESSION 1
NUCLEAR ATTACK 101: HEALTH AND HEALTH SYSTEM IMPACTS OF AN IMPROVISED NUCLEAR DEVICE EXPLOSION

Session Objectives: Provide basic information on the scope of the emergency medical needs that would be created by the detonation of a 10-kt nuclear device in a major city, including primary and secondary blast and thermal effects and the effects of prompt nuclear radiation and radiation from fallout on inhabitants and emergency responders. The main focus will be on the acute injuries caused by the blast, thermal, and prompt radiation effects of the initial explosion and by acute radiation exposure from fallout during the first three days after the explosion (excluding other important but longer-term impacts, such as long-term radiation effects, environmental contamination, and displacement of residents from contaminated areas). The potential impacts of the explosion on local emergency response and health system capacities will also be described. At the end of the session, workshop participants will have a basic understanding of the medical situation faced



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