TABLE 4-1 Effect of Chronological Maternal Age on GWG

Reference

Age (yrs)

Racial/Ethnic Group

Number in Sample

Weight Gain (kg)

Coefficient of Variation, %

Ancri et al. (1977)

12-17

Caucasian (one black woman)

26

13.4

26

 

18-19

 

22

12.4

31

 

20-24

 

24

11.1

17

 

25-32

 

26

10.7

18

Frisancho et al. (1983)

12-13

Latin American

28

9.0

18

 

14

 

104

9.8

22

 

15

 

296

9.9

26

 

16

 

565

9.7

25

 

17

 

229

10.0

26

 

18-25

 

46

9.7

16

Horon et al. (1983)

< 16

Black, White

422

12.5

NRa

 

20-24

 

422

12.5

NR

Loris et al. (1985)

13-15.9

Mixed group

18

17.2

23

 

16-17.9

 

84

17.1

40

 

18-19.9

 

25

17.3

54

Meserole et al. (1984)

13-15

Mixed group

24

14.5

32

 

16-17

 

25

17.9

35

Endres et al. (1985)

15-18

Mixed group

46

12.0

NR

 

19-30

 

198

11.0

NR

Muscati et al. (1988)

14-17

NR

90

16.5

36

 

18-19

 

135

15.1

36

 

20-35

 

461

13.8

39

Scholl et al. (1988)

16.9 ± 1.3b

Black, White, Hispanic

696

14.7

39

Haiek and Lederman (1989)

< 16

Black Americans, Black

90

14.6

NR

 

19-30

Latin Americans, White Non-Latin Americans, White Latin Americans

90

16.9

NR

Hediger et al. (1990)

≤ 18

Puerto Rican

304

13.7

± 5.6b

 

 

Black

501

13.8

± 5.7b

 

 

White

514

15.9

± 5.7b

Stevens-Simon et al. (1993a)

< 16

N/A

52

14.9

± 5.9b

 

16-19

 

89

13.9

± 6.0b

Prysak et al. (1995)

25-29

White or other

1,054

15.0

± 4.9b

 

≥ 35

 

890

14.2

± 5.4b

Gutierrez (1999)

13-18

Mexican American

46

14.5

± 4.5

Nielsen et al. (2006)

< 17

African American

776

14.5

± 6.9

aNR = Not reported.

bStandard deviation.

SOURCE: Modified from IOM, 1990.



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