TABLE 4-3 Gestational Weight Gain (pounds) by Selected Characteristics Among Women Delivering Full-term, Singleton Births (underweight women excluded), PRAMS, 2004-2005

Characteristic

≤ 14 (n = 8,091)a

15-24 (n = 9,970)a

25-34 (n = 14,545)a

35-44 (n = 10,311)a

≥ 45 (n = 7,112)a

Percentb

SEb

Percentb

SEb

Percentb

SEb

Percentb

SEb

Percentb

SEb

Age, yr (n)a

14-19 (5,249)

15.4

0.8

16.9

0.8

25.7

0.9

20.4

0.9

21.7

0.9

20-24 (12,477)

15.3

0.5

19.3

0.5

26.7

0.6

20.3

0.5

18.4

0.5

25-29 (13,483)

15.8

0.5

18.6

0.5

28.5

0.6

22.2

0.5

15.0

0.5

30-34 (11,169)

15.1

0.5

18.6

0.5

30.8

0.6

22.1

0.6

13.4

0.5

≥ 35 (7,651)

15.9

0.6

19.8

0.7

32.2

0.8

20.8

0.7

11.2

0.6

Race/ethnicity

White (27,393)

13.3

0.3

17.4

0.3

30.0

0.4

22.7

0.4

16.6

0.3

Black (7,790)

21.7

0.7

21.1

0.6

23.9

0.7

18.2

0.6

15.1

0.6

Hispanic (7,428)

17.3

0.7

21.2

0.7

29.3

0.8

20.1

0.7

12.1

0.6

Other (7,221)

16.4

0.8

19.9

0.9

30.6

1.1

19.8

0.9

13.5

0.8

Education, y (n)

< 12 (8,154)

19.6

0.7

21.1

0.7

25.7

0.8

18.0

0.7

15.7

0.7

12 (15,550)

17.3

0.5

19.4

0.5

26.0

0.5

19.9

0.5

17.4

0.5

> 12 (25,667)

12.7

0.3

17.8

0.3

31.7

0.4

23.3

0.4

14.5

0.3

Parity (n)

0 (20,782)

11.5

0.3

15.9

0.4

28.3

0.5

24.3

0.4

20.1

0.4

1-2 (23,911)

16.8

0.4

20.5

0.4

29.8

0.4

20.3

0.4

12.7

0.3

≥ 3 (5,100)

23.2

0.9

22.9

0.9

28.3

0.9

14.8

0.7

10.8

0.7

Total (50,029)

15.5

0.2

18.8

0.3

28.9

0.3

21.4

0.3

15.5

0.2

NOTE: χ2 test used for difference in gestational weight gain by maternal age, race/ethnicity, educational level, and parity were all statistically significant (p < .001)

aBased on unweighted data.

bBased on weighted data.

SOURCE: Reprinted from Chu S. Y., W. M. Callaghan, C. L. Bish and D. D’Angelo. Gestational weight gain by body mass index among U.S. women delivering live births, 2004-2005: fueling future obesity. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Copyright (2009), with permission from Elsevier.



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