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Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexaming the Guidelines 10 Committee Member Biographical Sketches KATHLEEN M. RASMUSSEN, Sc.D. (Chair), is professor of nutrition, Division of Nutritional Sciences, at Cornell University. Dr. Rasmussen is internationally known for her research on maternal and child nutrition, particularly in the areas of pregnancy and lactation. She has served as program director for Cornell’s National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored training grant in maternal and child nutrition since 1986 and has also directed a training grant in international maternal and child nutrition. Dr. Rasmussen has taught a nationally recognized course in maternal and child nutrition for graduate students since 1980 and has co-taught a unique course on public health nutrition for undergraduate students since 1998. Continuing her interest in mentoring the future leaders in nutrition, Dr. Rasmussen serves as the principal faculty member at the Dannon Nutrition Leadership Institute, which she helped to develop in 1998. In 2006, she received the first Excellence in Nutrition Education Award to be given by the American Society for Nutrition. Dr. Rasmussen has served as secretary and then president of the American Society of Nutritional Sciences and also as president of the International Society for Research on Human Milk and Lactation. She has previously been associate dean and secretary of the university faculty and served a 4-year term on Cornell’s Board of Trustees as one of its faculty-elected members. Dr. Rasmussen was a member of the recent DBASSE-IOM (Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education-Institute of Medicine) Committee on the Impact of Pregnancy Weight on Maternal and Child Health and served on the IOM Committee
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Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexaming the Guidelines on Nutritional Status During Pregnancy and Lactation and its Subcommittee on Nutrition During Lactation, as well as the Committee on Scientific Evaluation of the WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) Nutrition Risk Criteria. She received her A.B. degree from Brown University in molecular biology and both her Sc.M. and Sc.D. degrees from Harvard University in nutrition. BARBARA ABRAMS, Dr.P.H., R.D., is professor of epidemiology, maternal and child health, and public health nutrition in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. Her expertise includes weight and weight gain in women during pregnancy, postpartum, and during menopause; maternal weight, nutrition, social factors, and perinatal health outcomes; and HIV and breastfeeding. She has previously served on the IOM Committee on the Impact of Pregnancy Weight on Maternal and Child Health, the Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria, the Committee on Nutritional Status During Pregnancy and Lactation, and the Subcommittee on Clinical Application Guide. She was awarded the March of Dimes Agnes Higgins Award for her contributions to the field of maternal-fetal nutrition. Dr. Abrams received her B.S. in nutrition and dietetics from Simmons College in Boston. She earned her M.P.H. in nutrition, M.S. in epidemiology, and Dr.P.H. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Abrams is a member of the American Dietetic Association, the American Society for Nutrition, the Society for Epidemiologic Research, and the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research and an affiliate member of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. LISA M. BODNAR, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.D., is assistant professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health and assistant professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive sciences at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Her research interests include nutritional status and birth outcomes, nutritional psychiatry in the perinatal period, the reproductive consequences of obesity, and the use of causal modeling and longitudinal data analysis in reproductive epidemiology. Dr. Bodnar is principal investigator of two NIH grants on nutrition in pregnancy. She recently participated in the 53rd Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Work Group on Obesity and Reproductive Health Outcomes in London. Dr. Bodnar graduated with honors from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, where she also received her M.P.H. and Ph.D. in nutritional epidemiology. Dr. Bodnar is a registered dietitian, a member of the American Dietetic Association, and a licensed nutritionist. She also holds membership in the American Society
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Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexaming the Guidelines for Nutrition, the Society for Epidemiologic Research, and the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research. CLAUDE BOUCHARD, Ph.D., is the executive director of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center and the George A. Bray Chair in Nutrition. He holds a B.Ped. (Laval), an M.Sc. (University of Oregon, Eugene) in exercise physiology, and a Ph.D. (University of Texas, Austin) in population genetics. His research deals with the genetics of adaptation to exercise and to nutritional interventions as well as the genetics of obesity and its co-morbidities. He has authored and coauthored several books and more than 900 scientific papers. Dr. Bouchard is the recipient of many awards and of an honoris causa doctorate in science from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. He has been a foreign member of the Royal Academy of Medicine of Belgium since 1996 and was the Leon Mow Visiting Professor at the International Diabetes Institute in Melbourne in 1998. In 2001, he became a member of the Order of Canada as well as professor emeritus, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University. In 2003 he received the Alumnus of the Year Award from Laval University, and in 2004 he received the Friends of Albert J. Stunkard Award from the North American Association for the Study of Obesity. Dr. Bouchard became a knight in the Ordre National du Quebec in 2005 and also received the Earle W. Crampton Award in Nutrition from McGill University that same year. Dr. Bouchard is past president of the North American Association for the Study of Obesity and the immediate past president of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. Prior to coming to Pennington, he held the Donald B. Brown Research Chair on Obesity at Laval University where he directed the Physical Activity Sciences Laboratory for about 20 years. His research has been funded by agencies in Canada and the United States, primarily the National Institutes of Health. NANCY BUTTE, Ph.D., M.P.H., is professor of pediatrics at the Children’s Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine. Her expertise includes energy requirements of infants, children, and women during pregnancy and lactation, as well as the environmental and genetic determinants of childhood obesity, and the contribution of food intake, total energy expenditure, basal metabolic rate (BMR), substrate utilization, physical activity, and fitness to the development of obesity in children. She holds membership in the American Society for Nutrition, the Obesity Society, and the Society of Pediatric Research. Dr. Butte has previously served on the IOM Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Macronutrients; the Committee on Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health of Military Women; and the Subcommittee on Nutritional Status and Weight Gain During Pregnancy
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Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexaming the Guidelines (1988-1990). Dr. Butte received her M.P.H. in public health nutrition and her Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley. PATRICK M. CATALANO, M.D., F.A.C.O.G., is professor and chair of the Department of Reproductive Biology at Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center. Dr. Catalano also serves on the Management Council and Executive Committee at MetroHealth Medical Center. He has published more than 130 articles in peer-reviewed journals and served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism and Diabetes. He holds membership in the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Diabetes Association, the Perinatal Research Society, and the American Gynecological and Obstetrical Society. Dr. Catalano is a member of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division of the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Catalano’s research focus is insulin resistance and glucose metabolism in pregnancy and the role of placental cytokines in the regulation of fetal growth and adiposity. He has had research support from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) for more than 20 years. Dr. Catalano received his M.D. from the University of Vermont, Burlington. He served his internship at the University of California, San Francisco, and residency and postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Vermont, Burlington. Dr. Catalano is certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology in maternal and fetal medicine. MATTHEW W. GILLMAN, M.D., S.M., is professor in the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention (DACP) at Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care. At the DACP, Dr. Gillman directs the Obesity Prevention Program, whose goal is to lessen obesity-related morbidity and mortality through epidemiologic, health services, and intervention research. Dr. Gillman conducts epidemiologic studies across the age spectrum. He has published widely and has obtained numerous federal and other grants in the areas of developmental origins of health and disease; determinants of dietary and physical activity habits; and interventions to prevent childhood overweight. He is the principal investigator of Project Viva, a prospective cohort study of pregnant women and their children whose goal is to examine pre- and perinatal determinants of offspring health. He is co-principal investigator of the Coordinating Center of the U.S. National Children’s Study and a member of the Council of the International Society for Study of the Developmental Origins of Health and Adult Disease. He previously served on the National Research Council-IOM Committee on the Impact of Pregnancy Weight on Maternal and Child Health. Dr. Gillman earned his A.B. and S.M. from Harvard and his M.D. from Duke University. He
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Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexaming the Guidelines served a medicine-pediatrics internship and residency at North Carolina Memorial Hospital. Dr. Gillman is a fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Physicians, and the American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention. FERNANDO A. GUERRA, M.D., M.P.H., is director of health for the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Guerra’s career reflects a long-standing interest and involvement in pediatric care, public health, and health policy. His expertise is improving access to health care systems for infants, women, children, and the elderly and improving access to health care for migrant children. He is also active with local, national, and international forums on a variety of health issues. Dr. Guerra has served on the Committee on Ethical Issues in Housing-Related Health Hazard Research Involving Children; the Frontiers of Research on Children, Youth, and Families Steering Committee; the Committee on Using Performance Monitoring to Improve Community Health; and the Committee on Overcoming Barriers to Immunization. He is a former member of the Board on Children, Youth, and Families and has participated as a member of the Roundtable on Head Start Research. Dr. Guerra is recipient of the James Peavey Award from the Texas Public Health Association and the Job Lewis Smith Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics; he is a Kellogg fellow of the Harvard School of Public Health, among many other awards and honors. Dr. Guerra holds a B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin, an M.P.H. from the Harvard School of Public Health, and an M.D. from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. PAULA A. JOHNSON, M.D., M.P.H., is executive director of the Connors Center for Women’s Health at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Her expertise is in disparities in health care for women and minorities and public health efforts to address affordable and healthy foods for low-income populations. Dr. Johnson has been an active participant in the Disparities Project, an effort to eliminate racial and ethnic inequalities in health in Boston. She is also a leader in public health efforts to address the issue of affordable, healthy food for low-income residents of the city. Her efforts contributed to a major policy conference on Food in the Hub, which provided a set of recommendations regarding food and nutrition policies in Boston. She also has a clinical interest in cardiovascular disease in women, congestive heart failure, and heart transplantation. Dr. Johnson was named to serve as public health commissioner of Boston in 2007. Dr. Johnson received her M.D. and M.P.H. from Harvard Medical School. She served her internship and residency in internal medicine at Brigham and
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Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexaming the Guidelines Women’s Hospital. She also served a postdoctoral fellowship in cardiology at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Dr. Johnson is board certified in internal medicine and cardiovascular disease. MICHAEL C. LU, M.D., M.P.H., M.S., is associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), School of Medicine and the Department of Community Health Sciences at UCLA School of Public Health. His research focuses on racial-ethnic disparities in birth outcomes from a life course perspective. Dr. Lu is widely recognized for his research, teaching, and clinical care. Dr. Lu received the 2003 National Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology Young Professional Award and the 2004 American Public Health Association Maternal and Child Health Young Professional Award for his research on health disparities. Dr. Lu has previously served on the IOM Committee on Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Health Outcomes. He has also received numerous awards for his teaching, including excellence in teaching awards from the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Dr. Lu also maintains an active clinical practice in obstetrics and gynecology at UCLA Medical Center and has been selected as one of the best doctors in America since 2005. Dr. Lu received a B.A. in human biology and political science from Stanford University, an M.S. in health and medical sciences, an M.P.H. in epidemiology from the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.D. from the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine. ELIZABETH R. MCANARNEY, M.D., is professor and chair emerita of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, having served as chair for 13 years. Dr. McAnarney is a member of the IOM. In addition, she has served as the president of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, and the American Pediatric Society. Dr. McAnarney is interested in the role of nutrition and gestational weight gain as risk factors for adolescent postpartum weight retention. She also has studied the etiology of obesity and age-related differences in the composition of the weight gained by pregnant adolescents and optimal nutrition for pregnant adolescents. Dr. McAnarney served as director of the Rochester Adolescent Maternity Program (RAMP) and the university’s Division of Adolescent Medicine for 22 years, prior to becoming chair. She is recipient of the 18th annual Athena Award from the Women’s Council of the Rochester Business Alliance, in recognition for her career accomplishments and her role in mentoring women. Dr. McAnarney is a graduate of Vassar College and received her M.D. and an honorary D.Sc. from the State University of New
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Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexaming the Guidelines York Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, and served a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Rochester. RAFAEL PÉREZ-ESCAMILLA, Ph.D., is professor of nutritional sciences and public health and director of the Connecticut NIH EXPORT Center for Eliminating Health Disparities among Latinos at the University of Connecticut. Dr. Pérez-Escamilla is an internationally recognized scholar in community nutrition. His research includes studies on health disparities and inequalities, maternal nutrition during pregnancy, household food insecurity measurement, nutrition and food safety education, and domestic and international community nutrition program design and evaluation. He is nutrition extension scientist for the State of Connecticut and holds a joint appointment with the Department of Community Medicine and Health Care at the University of Connecticut Health Center in Farmington. Dr. Pérez-Escamilla is leading or co-leading four nutrition capacity-building and translational research programs in Connecticut, Ghana, and Brazil in the fields of nutrition-related health disparities, breastfeeding, maternal HIV, and household food security. He is a member of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. He is past chair of the Community Nutrition and Public Health Research Interest Section of the American Society for Nutrition and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Human Lactation and the Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition. Dr. Pérez-Escamilla received a B.S. in chemical engineering from the Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City, Mexico. He earned an M.S. in food science and a Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Davis. DAVID A. SAVITZ, Ph.D., is Charles W. Bluhdorn Professor of Community and Preventive Medicine and director of the Disease Prevention and Public Health Institute at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. He was assistant professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and moved to the University of North Carolina School of Public Health in 1985. He served as the Carey C. Boshamer Distinguished Professor and Chair of the Department of Epidemiology until the end of 2005. His teaching is focused on epidemiologic methods, and he recently authored a book entitled Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence. He directed 29 doctoral dissertations at the University of North Carolina and 13 master’s theses. He has served as editor at the American Journal of Epidemiology and as a member of the NIH Epidemiology and Disease Control-1 study section and currently is an editor at Epidemiology. He was president of the Society for Epidemiologic Research and the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research and North American regional councilor for the International Epidemiological Association. His
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Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexaming the Guidelines primary research activities and interests are in reproductive, environmental, and cancer epidemiology. Dr. Savitz received his undergraduate training in psychology at Brandeis University, a master’s degree in preventive medicine at Ohio State University in 1978, and his Ph.D. in epidemiology from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health in 1982. He was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine in 2007. ANNA MARIA SIEGA-RIZ, Ph.D., is associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology with a joint appointment in the Department of Nutrition in the School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina (UNC), Chapel Hill. Dr. Siega-Riz is a fellow at the Carolina Population Center and serves as the associate chair of epidemiology and director of the Nutrition Epidemiology Core for the Clinical Nutrition Research Center in the Department of Nutrition at UNC. She is also the program leader for the Reproductive, Perinatal and Pediatric Program in the Department of Epidemiology. She has expertise in gestational weight gain, maternal nutritional status and its effects on birth outcomes, obesity development, and trends and intakes among children and Hispanic populations. Dr. Siega-Riz uses a multidisciplinary team perspective as a way to address complex problems such as prematurity, fetal programming, and racial disparities and outcomes. She received the March of Dimes Agnes Higgins Award for Maternal and Fetal Nutrition in 2007, which recognizes professional contributions and outstanding service in the area of maternal and fetal nutrition. Dr. Siega-Riz earned a B.S.P.H. in nutrition from the School of Public Health at UNC, Chapel Hill; an M.S. in food, nutrition, and food service management from UNC, Greensboro; and a Ph.D. in nutrition and epidemiology from the School of Public Health at UNC, Chapel Hill.