ECF extracellular fluid

FFA free fatty acid

FFM fat-free mass

FM fat mass

GDM gestational diabetes mellitus

GFR glomerular filtration rate

GWG gestational weight gain

HCG human chorionic gonadotropin

HCS human chorionic somatomammotropin

HDL high-density lipoprotein

HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

HRQL health-related quality of life

ICW intracellular water

IDL intermediate-density lipoprotein

IFPS-II Infant Feeding Practices Survey II

IGF-I insulin-like growth factor I

IGT impaired glucose tolerance

IOM Institute of Medicine

IRS-1 insulin receptor substrate 1

IUGR intrauterine growth restriction

LBW low birth weight

LDL low-density lipoprotein

LGA large-for-gestational age

LVM left ventricular mass

MEPS U.S. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey

NCHS National Center for Health Statistics

NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NMIHS National Maternal and Infant Health Survey

NRC National Research Council

OR odds ratio

PACO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide

PAO2 partial pressure of oxygen

PAL physical activity level

PedNSS Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System

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