and 2004, one in five women aged 18-29 years of age and almost a quarter of those in their thirties and forties reported no physical activity in 2004 (Figure 2-15) (CDC, 2005). Similarly, barely half of women of childbearing age met the guideline in Healthy People 2010 for aerobic activity in 2005, although the prevalence has increased significantly since 2001 (Figure 2-16) (CDC, 2007).

According to other available data, in 2000, 15.8 percent of pregnant women met minimum physical activity recommendations (Evenson et al., 2004) and only 6 percent of pregnant women met recommendations for vigorous physical activity (Petersen et al., 2005). In these analyses, physical activity varied by maternal race/ethnicity, age, and education; there was some evidence that physical activity was lower among women who worked outside the home. In 2005, almost half of white, non-Hispanic U.S. women of all ages met the Healthy People 2010 objective for physical activity; only 36 percent of black, non-Hispanic women, 40 percent of Hispanic women, and 47 percent of other-race women did so (CDC, 2007). Physical activity increased with education, from 37 percent among women who did not

FIGURE 2-15 Trends in leisure-time physical inactivity for women of childbearing age, United States, 1994-2004.

FIGURE 2-15 Trends in leisure-time physical inactivity for women of childbearing age, United States, 1994-2004.

NOTES: Leisure-time physical inactivity defined as a “no” response to the survey question, “During the past month, other than your regular job, did you participate in any physical activities or exercise, such as running, calisthenics, golf, gardening, or walking for exercise?”. The reference time frame for the wording of this survey question was revised in 2001 to “During the past 30 days …” and was changed back to “During the past month …” in 2002. Also, in 2001, the phrase “other than your regular job” was added.

SOURCE: CDC, 2005.



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