FIGURE 2-29 Prevalence of obesity (e 95th percentile) among children and adolescents, United States, collected from 1963-2004, and reported from 1965-2006.

FIGURE 2-29 Prevalence of obesity (≥ 95th percentile) among children and adolescents, United States, collected from 1963-2004, and reported from 1965-2006.

SOURCES: Ogden et al., 2006, 2008.

TABLE 2-8 Prevalence of High BMI by Age Among U.S. Adolescent Girls (12-19 years of age), 2003-2006

BMI Percentile of CDC Growth Charts

Non-Hispanic Black % (SE)

Mexican American % (SE)

Non-Hispanic White % (SE)

≥ 85th

44.5 (1.5)

37.1 (1.9)

31.7 (1.9)

≥ 95th

27.7 (1.9)

19.9 (1.4)

14.5 (2.0)

≥ 97th

19.6 (1.5)

14.1 (1.3)

9.1 (1.6)

NOTE: SE = standard error.

SOURCE: Odgen et al., 2008.

FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Findings

  1. Since the release of the weight gain recommendations of IOM (1990):

    • there has been a striking increase in the prevalence of maternal overweight and obesity, particularly among black, Hispanic, and older women;

    • there has been an increase in the racial and ethnic diversity of U.S. births, as well as a rise in the proportion of older and un-



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