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. "2 Descriptive Epidemiology and Trends." Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the Guidelines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009.
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FIGURE 2-29 Prevalence of obesity (≥ 95th percentile) among children and adolescents, United States, collected from 1963-2004, and reported from 1965-2006.
SOURCES: Ogden et al., 2006, 2008.
TABLE 2-8 Prevalence of High BMI by Age Among U.S. Adolescent Girls (12-19 years of age), 2003-2006
BMI Percentile of CDC Growth Charts
Non-Hispanic Black % (SE)
Mexican American % (SE)
Non-Hispanic White % (SE)
NOTE: SE = standard error.
SOURCE: Odgen et al., 2008.
Since the release of the weight gain recommendations of IOM (1990):
there has been a striking increase in the prevalence of maternal overweight and obesity, particularly among black, Hispanic, and older women;
there has been an increase in the racial and ethnic diversity of U.S. births, as well as a rise in the proportion of older and un-