D

Databases and reference libraries

Armed Forces Repository of Specimen Samples for the Identification of Remains, 69

automotive carpet fiber, 73

CEASEFIRE, 151

CODIS, 40, 61, 66, 67, 100, 131-132, 197

DRUGFIRE database, 151

Electronic Crime Portfolio, 71, 72-73

EXPeRT, 67

Explosives Reference File, 67

FBI, 40, 65-66, 67, 73, 131-132, 151, 197

fingerprints, see Automated Fingerprint Identification System;

Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System

funding, 73

Joint Federal Agencies Intelligence DNA Database, 281

MECISP, 263

NamUs, 245

National Automotive Paint File, 67, 118

National Violent Death Review System, 263

NCIC UP/MP, 244-245

NIBIN, 151, 152, 153

Paint Data Query database, 67, 168

Standard Ammunition File, 67

toolmarks and firearms, 67, 151, 152, 153

Western Identification Network, 270-271

Death investigation systems. See Medicolegal death investigation system

Department of Commerce, 13, 65

Department of Defense (DOD)

forensic science capabilities, 13, 69-70, 187, 280-281, 280-281

Joint Task Force Civil Support, 260

research support, 69

Department of Health and Human Services, 28, 196, 261, 265

Department of Homeland Security (DHS), 13, 80.

See also Homeland security;

National Bioforensic Analysis and Countermeasures Center;

U.S. Secret Service

Department of Justice.

See also Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section, 181

definition of backlogged cases, 39

grant programs, 13, 28, 62-63, 66, 80, 210-211, 213, 266

judicial training program, 235

leadership potential in forensic science, 17, 80

missions, 17, 80

Office of Inspector General, 45-46, 68, 105, 211, 212, 213, 274

proficiency test design, 207

Digital and multimedia analysis, 64

certification, 181

computer examination, 180-182

crimes and devices associated with, 179, 180

education and training, 181, 220

sample data and collection, 180

search and seizure, 181-182

DNA evidence

accreditation of laboratories, 41, 68, 132, 197-198, 200, 207

admissibility, 9, 41, 99-101, 103, 104, 107, 133

amplification, 131

analytical methods, 13, 130-132, 133

ascendancy of, 4, 40-41

backlog of cases, 14, 39, 40, 72, 187, 219

California Proposition 69, 40

databases and registries, 13, 40, 61, 66, 67, 69, 100, 131-132, 280-281

errors or fraud, 9, 47, 57, 86-87, 100, 121, 130, 132, 133, 184

exonerations, 37, 42, 100, 107, 109 n.87, 160

FBI guidelines, 40, 47, 114-115, 131-132, 202

funding, 41, 71-72, 73, 101, 187

growth in use of, 4, 41, 219



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