. "MATERIAL PROTECTION, CONTROL, AND ACCOUNTING:LESSONS LEARNED APPLIED TO UNITED STATES AND RUSSIAN NUCLEAR SECURITY COOPERATION IN 2015." Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015: Proceedings of a Russian-U.S. Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009.
The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015: Proceedings of a Russian—U.S. Workshop
Stump National Defense Authorization Act of 2003 mandates that the Secretary of Energy develop a sustainable MPC&A program that will be supported solely by Russia no later than January 1, 2013.61 At this date, all NNSA funds for these activities will stop and Russia will assume full financial responsibility. Projects that are already finished are currently in an evolving maintenance and sustainability phase that includes seven key fundamentals:
Site MPC&A Organization
Site Operating Procedures (Instructions)
Human Resource Management and Site Training
Operational Cost Analysis
Equipment Maintenance, Repair, and Calibration
Performance Testing and Operational Monitoring
MPC&A System Configuration Management
This end date for U.S. financial assistance is being treated very seriously by both sides. Both also recognize the benefit of some form of continuing cooperation that builds on the joint technical and project management expertise, team work, and relationships that have grown during the program. This joint experience could be of significant value to the national security of both nations and the promulgation of better nuclear safety and security worldwide. The United States and Russia have stated that although the number of contacts in the MPC&A arena will inevitably shrink, there needs to be a sanctioned mechanism for continued cooperation.
IMPLEMENTATION OF LESSONS LEARNED:KOLA TRAINING AND TECHNICAL CENTER AS A HISTORICAL EXAMPLE
In November 2000, the Russian MOD requested U.S. assistance to establish regional support centers. The Kola Training and Technical Center (KTTC) was designed and constructed to institutionalize a technical support infrastructure that includes training, maintenance and testing, lifecycle support, and spare parts inventory. This facility is unique in that it was designed and constructed based entirely upon the needs of the upgraded sites in the Kola region, located in the far north of Russia.62
The KTTC supports the overall MPC&A strategic goal of assisting Russia in enhancing capabilities and commitments to operating and maintaining improved nuclear security. More specifically it supports the strategic objectives of fostering the development of regulatory institutions, regulations, procedures, and training centers, and determining the level of sustainability assistance required to transition full operations and maintenance of MPC&A
The Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act of 2003 mandates that a sustainable materials protection, control, and accounting system be transferred to sole Russian Federation support no later than January 1, 2013. For further information regarding the Bob Stump Act, see http://www.army.mil/armybtkc/docs/PL%20107-314.pdf; accessed May 1, 2008.
For further information, see L.D. Lambert, W.J. Toth, S. Hendrickson, “Russian Federation Regional Technical Centers for MPC&A Sustainability Operations,” Forty-fourth Annual Meeting of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management, Phoenix, AZ, July 13-17, 2003.