APPENDIX B
SHRP 2 Projects and Expected Products

TABLE B-1 SAFETY RESEARCH THEMES, PROJECTS, AND PRODUCTS

Theme

Safety Research Projects

Expected Products

Study design and field data collection

S05: Design of the In-Vehicle

Field study design

Driving Behavior and Crash Risk Study

Specifications and prototypes for data acquisition system

Field study management plan

S06: Technical Coordination and Independent Quality

Assurance for Field Study

Field study procedures

Integrated database

S07: In-Vehicle Driving Behavior Field Study

Site-specific data

S12: Data Acquisition System

Not applicable

Roadway data

S03: Roadway Measurement System Evaluation

Methodology for evaluation of mobile measurement systems collecting data related to safety analysis

State-of-the-practice report for mobile collection of safety-related data elements

S04: Acquisition of Roadway Information

Geographic information system database of roadway and roadside characteristics and features for selected segments of roads in geographic areas used for field study

Analysis

S01: Development of Analysis Methods Using Recent Data

Analysis methods

S02: Integration Methods and Development of Analysis Plan

Analysis plan

S08: Analysis of In-Vehicle Field Study Data and Countermeasure Implications

Analysis of selected safety questions

Site-based study

S09: Site-Based Video System Design and Development

Site-based video system



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appendix b SHRP 2 Projects and Expected Products table b-1 safety research themes, projects, and products Theme Safety Research Projects Expected Products Study design and S05: Design of the In-Vehicle Field study design field data collection Driving Behavior and Crash Specifications and prototypes Risk Study for data acquisition system Field study management plan S06: Technical Coordination Field study procedures and Independent Quality Integrated database Assurance for Field Study S07: In-Vehicle Driving Site-specific data Behavior Field Study S12: Data Acquisition System Not applicable Roadway data S03: Roadway Measurement Methodology for evaluation System Evaluation of mobile measurement systems collecting data related to safety analysis State-of-the-practice report for mobile collection of safety-related data elements S04: Acquisition of Roadway Geographic information Information system database of roadway and roadside characteristics and features for selected segments of roads in geographic areas used for field study Analysis S01: Development of Analysis Analysis methods Methods Using Recent Data S02: Integration Methods and Analysis plan Development of Analysis Plan S08: Analysis of In-Vehicle Analysis of selected safety Field Study Data and Counter- questions measure Implications Site-based study S09: Site-Based Video System Site-based video system Design and Development 154

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shrp 2 projects and expected products 155 table b-2 renewal: relationship of research products to research objectives, tactics, and projects Renewal Research Objective Tactic Projects Expected Products Rapid 1. Perform R01: Encouraging State-of-the-art manual approaches faster in situ Innovation in Locating Electronic database of state- construction and Characterizing of-the-art technologies Underground Utilities Long-term research and development plan New tools and training materials R02: Geotechnical Material/Technology Solutions for Soil Selection Catalog Improvement, Guidelines Rapid Embankment Performance-related Construction, and specifications Stabilization of the Construction inspection Pavement Working certification programs Platform Design procedures 2. Minimize R04: Innovative Bridge Design specifications field fabri- Designs for Rapid Renewal Construction specifications cation Contracting tools Training materials R05: Modular Pavement Modular pavement Technology feasibility study Design procedures Guidelines and model specifications Long-term evaluation plan 3. Perform R06: A Plan for Test procedures faster inspec- Developing High-Speed, Proof of concept of tion and Nondestructive Testing emerging techniques monitoring Procedures for Both Training materials Design Evaluation and Construction Inspection 4. Facilitate R07: Performance Guidelines innovative Specifications for Rapid Model specifications and equitable Highway Renewal contracting R09: Risk Manual for Guidelines for environment Rapid Renewal Contracts implementation Training materials (continued on next page)

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156 implementing the results of the second strategic highway research program table b-2 (continued) renewal: relationship of research products to research objectives, tactics, and projects Renewal Research Objective Tactic Projects Expected Products Minimize 5. Improve R15: Strategies for Best-practices manual disruption customer Integrating Utility and Testing and evaluation plan relations Transportation Agency Recommended institutional Priorities in Renewal and policy changes Projects Model agreements for cooperation R16: Railroad-DOT Best-practices document Institutional Mitigation Model agreements Strategies Streamlined permitting procedures Recommended specifica- tion, institutional, and policy changes for imple- mentation Produce 6. Design and R19-A: Bridges for Load and resistance factor long-lasting construct Service Life Beyond design and construction facilities low- 100 Years: Innovative specifications maintenance Systems, Subsystems, and Standard plans facilities Components Detailed design examples R19-B: Bridges for Service Load and resistance factor Life Beyond 100 Years: design and construction Service Limit State Design specifications Standard plans Detailed design examples R21: Composite Pavement Guidelines Systems Design, materials, and construction manuals Training materials R23: Using Existing State-of-the-art report Pavement in Place and Design guides Achieving Long Life Construction procedures and specifications Guidelines 7. Preserve R26: Preservation Methodology and facility life Approaches for High Traffic Volume Roadways supporting data for life- cycle considerations Research plan

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shrp 2 projects and expected products 157 table b-3 reliability research themes, projects, and products Theme Reliability Research Projects Expected Products 1. Data, metrics, L02: Establishing Monitoring Guidebook for establishing travel analysis, and Programs for Travel Time time monitoring programs decision Reliability Report on traffic detector support technologies, conversion of traffic recorders to provide real-time information, and integration of various data on nonrecurring congestion L03: Analytical Procedures Report on technical relationships for Determining the Impacts between mitigation measures of Reliability Improvement and performance measures Strategies Report on pilot studies of field data collection to support assessment of analytical procedures L04: Incorporating Reliability Report on how planning and Performance Measures into traffic simulation models can Planning and Operations be modified to incorporate Modeling Tools reliability performance measures Report on proof of concept of the modifications Guidelines for incorporation L13: Developing the Guidelines for a reliability data Requirements for Designing archiving and dissemination and Implementing a System for system using web-based Archiving and Disseminating mechanisms Data from SHRP 2 Reliability An archival system that is and Related Studies documented, tested, and populated for use Report on successful examples of 2. Institutional L01: Integrating Business integration of business processes change, human Processes to Improve Reliability to improve travel time reliability behavior, and Guidelines for agencies for imple- resource needs menting successful business practices to improve travel time reliability Workshop report on key institu- L06: Institutional Architectures tional architecture issues to Advance Operational Report on successful practices Strategies recently instituted Guidebook for agencies for changing institutional architectures in support of improved operational strategies (continued on next page)

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158 implementing the results of the second strategic highway research program table b-3 (continued) reliability research themes, projects, and products Theme Reliability Research Projects Expected Products L10: Using In-Vehicle Video Report on the feasibility of using Data to Explore How to Modify in-vehicle video data to support Driver Behavior that Causes investigations aimed at modifying Nonrecurring Congestion congestion-causing behavior Report on studies using in-vehicle video data to investigate means of modifying congestion-causing behavior L12: Training and Certification Checklist of responder actions of Traffic Incident Responders and identification of core competencies for responders Curriculum and instruction outline for key responder types Recommended framework for responder certification Report on pilot study and evaluation of certification process L14: Effectiveness of Different Identification of traveler informa- Approaches to Disseminating tion methods Traveler Information on Travel Assessment of how improved travel Time Reliability information systems would affect road user behavior Report on alternative mechanisms for agencies to improve traveler information services 3. Incorporating L05: Incorporating Reliability Procedures for linking counter- reliability into Performance Measures into the measures to reliability perfor- planning, Transportation Planning and mance measures programming, Programming Processes Report on analysis of trade-offs and design in capital versus operating expenditures resulting from using mobility and reliability performance measures in the programming process Report on analysis of how using reliability performance measures fits into the short-term program- ming process (continued)

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shrp 2 projects and expected products 159 Theme Reliability Research Projects Expected Products L07: Evaluation of Costs and Report on design practices aimed at Effectiveness of Highway Design improving travel time reliability Features to Improve Travel Time Assessment of the cost-effectiveness Reliability of using design practices to improve travel time reliability Guidebook of design practices that can improve travel time reliability L08: Incorporation of Methodology for predicting the Nonrecurrent Congestion probability of occurrence of Factors into the Highway nonrecurring incidents in varying Capacity Manual Methods conditions Methodology for predicting impacts on speed and delay Methodology for predicting the effectiveness of design and management strategies for reducing nonrecurring congestion L09: Incorporation of Report on how to incorporate Nonrecurrent Congestion factors in nonrecurring Factors into the AASHTO Policy congestion into the American on Geometric Design Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials design guide 4. Future L11: Evaluating Alternative Report on the requirements of road needs and Operations Strategies users for travel time reliability opportunities and the ability of agencies to to improve meet these requirements travel time Report on suggested operations reliability strategies for improving travel time reliability L15: Reliability Innovations Reports from several projects Deserving Exploratory Analysis aimed at identifying and testing innovative concepts to improve travel time reliability

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160 implementing the results of the second strategic highway research program table b-4 capacity research themes, projects, and products Theme Capacity Research Projects Expected Products 1. Elements of C01: A Framework for Collaborative Decision-Making collaborative Collaborative Decision Making Framework built around 30 key decision on Additions to Highway decision points making Capacity Twenty-five case studies Tabletop vetting exercises C07: Integrating SHRP 2 Integration of all products into a Products into the Collaborative modular, flexible, usable product Decision-Making Framework C02: A Systems-Based Knowledge-based web resource Performance Measurement Library of measures and data needs Framework for Highway Guidelines for selecting measures Capacity Decision Making Examples of good practice C08: Linking Community Guidelines for incorporating Visions and Highway Capacity community visioning into Planning highway capacity decisions and ensuring that they are followed through to project development C09: Incorporating Greenhouse Guidelines for considering green- Gas Emissions into the house gas emissions in the vari- Collaborative Decision-Making ous key decision points in the Process decision process C12: The Effect of Public– Good practices for adapting to Private Partnerships and public–private partnerships and Nontraditional Procurement design–build procurements Processes on Highway Planning, Environmental Review, and Collaborative Decision Making C13: Integrating Full Cost and Guidelines for full cost analysis and Fiscal Impact Analysis into allocation of present and future Collaborative Decision Making costs to jurisdictions C14: Developing a Multiagency A guide to the theory and practice Change Management of changing one’s own agency Framework and others, organized around key decision points in the decision process C15: Integrating Freight Good practices for considering Considerations into the freight transport in the Collaborative Decision-Making collaborative decision-making Process process (continued)

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shrp 2 projects and expected products 161 Theme Capacity Research Projects Expected Products 2. Ecological C06A: Integration of Methods and procedures for approach Conservation, Highway interagency environmental to surface Planning, and Environmental cooperation at all key decision environmental Permitting Using an Outcome- points in the highway delivery protection Based, Ecosystem Approach process Science-based system of multi- purpose credits for habitats, wetlands, and endangered species C06B: Development of A business model for an ecological an Ecological Assessment approach Process and Credits System Model programmatic agreements for Enhancements to Highway Guidelines document to assist in Capacity adopting an ecological approach 3. Improved C10: Partnership to Develop SHRP 2 partnership with one or tools for an Integrated, Advanced two metropolitan planning analysis of Travel Demand Model and organizations or departments of travel behavior Fine-Grained, Time-Sensitive transportation Network Bringing an advanced model set and time-sensitive network online Testing the ability of the integrated model set to estimate time and route shifts in response to tolls or congestion (C04 products) Testing the ability to deliver fine- grained inputs to air quality models (C09) Testing the ability to estimate effects of operations, design, and technology improvements (C05) Having a catalytic effect on accelerated adoption of these techniques by others C04: Improved understanding Mathematical representations of of How Congestion and Pricing how motorists react to highway Affect Travel Demand congestion and pricing Product packaged for use in models Testing of product in C10 partnership (continued on next page)

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162 implementing the results of the second strategic highway research program table b-4 (continued) capacity research themes, projects, and products Theme Capacity Research Projects Expected Products C05: Understanding the Tools to quantify network-level Contribution of Operations, capacity benefits, individually Technology, and Design to and in combination, of Meeting Highway Capacity operations, design, and Needs technology improvements Guidelines for using results in planning networks to reflect sustained service rates C16: The Effect of Smart Growth Analysis of the effect of smart Policies on Travel Demand growth policies on peak-period travel demand and methods for analysis that may entail the tools of the C10 partnership 4. Economic C03: Interactions Between Sixty case studies distributed across impacts of Transportation Capacity, various highway types, degrees highway Economic Systems, and Land of urbanization, and geographic investment Use and Integrating Economic regions Considerations into Project Case-based reasoning tools to use Development the case studies Practitioners’ handbook C11: Development of Improved Techniques for integrating data- Economic Analysis Tools Based based analytical tools with case- on Recommendations from based tools Project C03