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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life APPENDIX B SHRP 2 Projects and Expected Products TABLE B-1 SAFETY RESEARCH THEMES, PROJECTS, AND PRODUCTS Theme Safety Research Projects Expected Products Study design and field data collection S05: Design of the In-Vehicle Field study design Driving Behavior and Crash Risk Study Specifications and prototypes for data acquisition system Field study management plan S06: Technical Coordination and Independent Quality Assurance for Field Study Field study procedures Integrated database S07: In-Vehicle Driving Behavior Field Study Site-specific data S12: Data Acquisition System Not applicable Roadway data S03: Roadway Measurement System Evaluation Methodology for evaluation of mobile measurement systems collecting data related to safety analysis State-of-the-practice report for mobile collection of safety-related data elements S04: Acquisition of Roadway Information Geographic information system database of roadway and roadside characteristics and features for selected segments of roads in geographic areas used for field study Analysis S01: Development of Analysis Methods Using Recent Data Analysis methods S02: Integration Methods and Development of Analysis Plan Analysis plan S08: Analysis of In-Vehicle Field Study Data and Countermeasure Implications Analysis of selected safety questions Site-based study S09: Site-Based Video System Design and Development Site-based video system
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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life TABLE B-2 RENEWAL: RELATIONSHIP OF RESEARCH PRODUCTS TO RESEARCH OBJECTIVES, TACTICS, AND PROJECTS Objective Tactic Renewal Research Projects Expected Products Rapid approaches 1. Perform faster in situ construction R01: Encouraging Innovation in Locating and Characterizing Underground Utilities State-of-the-art manual Electronic database of state-of-the-art technologies Long-term research and development plan New tools and training materials R02: Geotechnical Solutions for Soil Improvement, Rapid Embankment Construction, and Stabilization of the Pavement Working Platform Material/Technology Selection Catalog Guidelines Performance-related specifications Construction inspection certification programs Design procedures 2. Minimize field fabrication R04: Innovative Bridge Designs for Rapid Renewal Design specifications Construction specifications Contracting tools Training materials R05: Modular Pavement Technology Modular pavement feasibility study Design procedures Guidelines and model specifications Long-term evaluation plan 3. Perform faster inspection and monitoring R06: A Plan for Developing High-Speed, Nondestructive Testing Procedures for Both Design Evaluation and Construction Inspection Test procedures Proof of concept of emerging techniques Training materials 4. Facilitate innovative and equitable contracting environment R07: Performance Specifications for Rapid Highway Renewal Guidelines Model specifications R09: Risk Manual for Rapid Renewal Contracts Guidelines for implementation Training materials
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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life Objective Tactic Renewal Research Projects Expected Products Minimize disruption 5. Improve customer relations R15: Strategies for Integrating Utility and Transportation Agency Priorities in Renewal Projects Best-practices manual Testing and evaluation plan Recommended institutional and policy changes Model agreements for cooperation R16: Railroad-DOT Institutional Mitigation Strategies Best-practices document Model agreements Streamlined permitting procedures Recommended specification, institutional, and policy changes for implementation Produce long-lasting facilities 6. Design and construct low-maintenance facilities R19-A: Bridges for Service Life Beyond 100 Years: Innovative Systems, Subsystems, and Load and resistance factor design and construction specifications Standard plans Detailed design examples R19-B: Bridges for Service Life Beyond 100 Years: Service Limit State Design Load and resistance factor design and construction specifications Standard plans Detailed design examples R21: Composite Pavement Systems Guidelines Design, materials, and construction manuals Training materials R23: Using Existing Pavement in Place and Achieving Long Life State-of-the-art report Design guides Construction procedures and specifications 7. Preserve facility life R26: Preservation Approaches for High Traffic Volume Roadways Guidelines Methodology and supporting data for life-cycle considerations Research plan
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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life TABLE B-3 RELIABILITY RESEARCH THEMES, PROJECTS, AND PRODUCTS Theme Reliability Research Projects Expected Products 1. Data, metrics, analysis, and decision support L02: Establishing Monitoring Programs for Travel Time Reliability Guidebook for establishing travel time monitoring programs Report on traffic detector technologies, conversion of traffic recorders to provide real-time information, and integration of various data on nonrecurring congestion L03: Analytical Procedures for Determining the Impacts of Reliability Improvement Strategies Report on technical relationships between mitigation measures and performance measures Report on pilot studies of field data collection to support assessment of analytical procedures L04: Incorporating Reliability Performance Measures into Planning and Operations Modeling Tools Report on how planning and traffic simulation models can be modified to incorporate reliability performance measures Report on proof of concept of the modifications Guidelines for incorporation L13: Developing the Requirements for Designing and Implementing a System for Archiving and Disseminating Data from SHRP 2 Reliability and Related Studies Guidelines for a reliability data archiving and dissemination system using web-based mechanisms An archival system that is documented, tested, and populated for use 2. Institutional change, human behavior, and resource needs L01: Integrating Business Processes to Improve Reliability Report on successful examples of integration of business processes to improve travel time reliability Guidelines for agencies for implementing successful business practices to improve travel time reliability L06: Institutional Architectures to Advance Operational Strategies Workshop report on key institu-tional architecture issues Report on successful practices recently instituted Guidebook for agencies for changing institutional architectures in support of improved operational strategies
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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life Theme Reliability Research Projects Expected Products L10: Using In-Vehicle Video Data to Explore How to Modify Driver Behavior that Causes Nonrecurring Congestion Report on the feasibility of using in-vehicle video data to support investigations aimed at modifying congestion-causing behavior Report on studies using in-vehicle video data to investigate means of modifying congestion-causing behavior L12: Training and Certification of Traffic Incident Responders Checklist of responder actions and identification of core competencies for responders Curriculum and instruction outline for key responder types Recommended framework for responder certification Report on pilot study and evaluation of certification process L14: Effectiveness of Different Approaches to Disseminating Traveler Information on Travel Time Reliability Identification of traveler information methods Assessment of how improved travel information systems would affect road user behavior Report on alternative mechanisms for agencies to improve traveler information services 3. Incorporating reliability into planning, programming, and design L05: Incorporating Reliability Performance Measures into the Transportation Planning and Programming Processes Procedures for linking countermeasures to reliability performance measures Report on analysis of trade-off s in capital versus operating expenditures resulting from using mobility and reliability performance measures in the programming process Report on analysis of how using reliability performance measures fits into the short-term programming process
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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life Theme Reliability Research Projects Expected Products L07: Evaluation of Costs and Effectiveness of Highway Design Features to Improve Travel Time Reliability Report on design practices aimed at improving travel time reliability Assessment of the cost-effectiveness of using design practices to improve travel time reliability Guidebook of design practices that can improve travel time reliability L08: Incorporation of Nonrecurrent Congestion Factors into the Highway Capacity Manual Methods Methodology for predicting the probability of occurrence of nonrecurring incidents in varying conditions Methodology for predicting impacts on speed and delay Methodology for predicting the effectiveness of design and management strategies for reducing nonrecurring congestion L09: Incorporation of Nonrecurrent Congestion Factors into the AASHTO Policy on Geometric Design Report on how to incorporate factors in nonrecurring congestion into the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials design guide 4. Future needs and opportunities to improve travel time reliability L11: Evaluating Alternative Operations Strategies Report on the requirements of road users for travel time reliability and the ability of agencies to meet these requirements Report on suggested operations strategies for improving travel time reliability L15: Reliability Innovations Deserving Exploratory Analysis Reports from several projects aimed at identifying and testing innovative concepts to improve travel time reliability
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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life TABLE B-4 CAPACITY RESEARCH THEMES, PROJECTS, AND PRODUCTS Theme Capacity Research Projects Expected Products 1. Elements of collaborative decision making C01: A Framework for Collaborative Decision Making on Additions to Highway Capacity Collaborative Decision-Making Framework built around 30 key decision points Twenty-five case studies Tabletop vetting exercises C07: Integrating SHRP 2 Products into the Collaborative Decision-Making Framework Integration of all products into a modular, flexible, usable product C02: A Systems-Based Performance Measurement Framework for Highway Capacity Decision Making Knowledge-based web resource Library of measures and data needs Guidelines for selecting measures Examples of good practice C08: Linking Community Visions and Highway Capacity Planning Guidelines for incorporating community visioning into highway capacity decisions and ensuring that they are followed through to project development C09: Incorporating Greenhouse Gas Emissions into the Collaborative Decision-Making Process Guidelines for considering greenhouse gas emissions in the various key decision points in the decision process C12: The Effect of Public-Private Partnerships and Nontraditional Procurement Processes on Highway Planning, Environmental Review, and Collaborative Decision Making Good practices for adapting to public-private partnerships and design-build procurements C13: Integrating Full Cost and Fiscal Impact Analysis into Collaborative Decision Making Guidelines for full cost analysis and allocation of present and future costs to jurisdictions C14: Developing a Multiagency Change Management Framework A guide to the theory and practice of changing one’s own agency and others, organized around key decision points in the decision process C15: Integrating Freight Considerations into the Collaborative Decision-Making Process Good practices for considering freight transport in the collaborative decision-making process
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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life Theme Capacity Research Projects Expected Products 2. Ecological approach to surface environmental protection C06A: Integration of Conservation, Highway Planning, and Environmental Permitting Using an Outcome-Based, Ecosystem Approach Methods and procedures for interagency environmental cooperation at all key decision points in the highway delivery process Science-based system of multipurpose credits for habitats, wetlands, and endangered species C06B: Development of an Ecological Assessment Process and Credits System for Enhancements to Highway Capacity A business model for an ecological approach Model programmatic agreements Guidelines document to assist in adopting an ecological approach 3. Improved tools for analysis of travel behavior C10: Partnership to Develop an Integrated, Advanced Travel Demand Model and Fine-Grained, Time-Sensitive Network SHRP 2 partnership with one or two metropolitan planning organizations or departments of transportation Bringing an advanced model set and time-sensitive network online Testing the ability of the integrated model set to estimate time and route shifts in response to tolls or congestion (C04 products) Testing the ability to deliver fine-grained inputs to air quality models (C09) Testing the ability to estimate effects of operations, design, and technology improvements (C05) Having a catalytic effect on accelerated adoption of these techniques by others C04: Improved understanding of How Congestion and Pricing Affect Travel Demand Mathematical representations of how motorists react to highway congestion and pricing Product packaged for use in models Testing of product in C10 partnership
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Implementing the Results of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program: Saving Lives, Reducing Congestion, Improving Quality of Life Theme Capacity Research Projects Expected Products C05: Understanding the Contribution of Operations, Technology, and Design to Meeting Highway Capacity Needs Tools to quantify network-level capacity benefits, individually and in combination, of operations, design, and technology improvements Guidelines for using results in planning networks to reflect sustained service rates C16: The Effect of Smart Growth Policies on Travel Demand Analysis of the effect of smart growth policies on peak-period travel demand and methods for analysis that may entail the tools of the C10 partnership 4. Economic impacts of highway investment C03: Interactions Between Transportation Capacity, Economic Systems, and Land Use and Integrating Economic Considerations into Project Development Sixty case studies distributed across various highway types, degrees of urbanization, and geographic regions Case-based reasoning tools to use the case studies Practitioners’ handbook C11: Development of Improved Economic Analysis Tools Based on Recommendations from Project C03 Techniques for integrating databased analytical tools with case-based tools