Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Office of Chemical and Biological Weapons Threat Reduction

The Chemical and Biological Weapons Threat Reduction Office has responsibility for implementing diplomatic efforts to impede and roll back the threat of biological and chemical weapons and to dissuade and impede states and entities from pursuing, using, or proliferating these weapons and related equipment and technology. It has lead responsibility for bilateral and multilateral efforts to implement and strengthen the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) and the Chemical Weapons Convention. Key functions include the following:

  • Developing and promoting dynamic policies and programs on a bilateral basis to combat the threat posed by biological weapons and related materials

  • Advancing and protecting key U.S. national security interests within the multilateral framework of the BWC

  • Leading the development and implementation of Australia Group export controls and catch-all controls for biological-weapons-applicable items and technology

  • Preparing recommendations for bureau and departmental principals on sanctions and implementing sanctions laws and other penalties as they relate to biological weapons and associated technology and equipment. (www.state.gov/t/isn/16189.htm)

Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation

The bureau’s core missions are to ensure that appropriate verification requirements and capabilities are fully considered and properly integrated throughout the development, negotiation, and implementation of arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements and commitments and to ensure that other countries’ compliance is carefully watched, rigorously assessed, appropriately reported, and resolutely enforced. In this regard, the bureau is responsible for preparing the President’s annual report to Congress on Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament Agreements and Commitments, including the BWC. (www.state.gov/t/vci/)

Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs

Two offices within this bureau have programs that contribute to enhanced biosecurity, biosafety, and disease control. These include the Office of Science and Technology Cooperation and the Office of International Health Affairs. The latter office has a mission of promoting U.S. security and global economic growth through global health. It works with agencies throughout the U.S. government to facilitate policy making regarding environmental health, infectious



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