programs to address international problems confronting U.S. agriculture. It also administers two cooperative research grant programs, the ARS-Former Soviet Union Scientific Cooperation Program and the Biosecurity Engagement Program. Both programs use funds from the Department of State that support research on agricultural pathogens and diseases in a variety of foreign countries. (

The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)

APHIS works to protect the health and value of American agriculture and natural resources. Its international mission is to protect and promote agricultural health through internationally based animal and plant health expertise. The International Service develops and implements programs that identify health threats outside U.S. borders to reduce those threats at the source. This activity includes training and technology transfer to help developing countries build their animal and plant health infrastructures, thereby helping to reduce the likelihood of undetected threat pathways into the United States. The service cosponsors cooperative foreign pest and disease operation programs in other countries. Targeted pests include screwworm, fruit flies, and tropical bont ticks. Classical swine fever is also of concern. APHIS also operates a Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health in Fort Collins, Colorado, which is responsible for tracking animal diseases on a worldwide basis. (

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