evant territories. States parties that experience difficulties in implementing their plans may request an additional 2-year period until June 15, 2014.
International points of entry, whether by land, sea, or air, provide an opportunity to apply health measures to prevent international spread of disease. For this reason, several new provisions have been included. When applying IHR-related health measures to international travelers, for example, it is required that they be treated with courtesy and respect, taking into consideration their gender, sociocultural, ethnic, and religious concerns. They must be supplied with appropriate food, water, accommodation, and medical treatment if quarantined, isolated, or otherwise subject to medical or public health measures under the IHR (2005).
States parties are required to designate the international airports, ports, and any ground crossings that will develop specific capacities in applying public health measures required to manage a variety of public health risks. These capacities include access to appropriate medical services (with diagnostic facilities); services for the transport of ill persons; trained personnel to inspect ships, aircraft, and other conveyances; maintenance of a healthy environment; and establishment of plans and facilities to apply emergency measures such as quarantine.
The IHR (2005) require immediate implementation of a range of new or revised health documents at points of entry, including the following:
Model Maritime Declaration of Health
Model International Certificate of Vaccination
Health Part of the Aircraft General Declaration