biological and chemical terrorism. In addition, he serves as a subject matter expert for biological and chemical threat agents and interagency liaison on environmental health issues related to terrorism preparedness. As an expert on the epidemiology and control of zoonoses, his responsibilities include serving on several international and domestic steering committees, teaching, and developing or contributing to domestic and international guidelines. He has extensive experience in dealing with relevant officials and facilities throughout Latin America.

GAIL H. CASSELL, Ph.D., is vice president, scientific affairs, and Distinguished Lilly Research Scholar for Infectious Diseases at Eli Lilly and Company in Indianapolis, Indiana. Currently, Dr. Cassell is a member of the Science Board of the Food and Drug Administration’s Advisory Committee to the Commissioner. Since 1996, she has been a member of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Medical Science Program responsible for advising the respective governments on joint research agendas. Dr. Cassell served as an advisor on infectious diseases and indirect costs of research to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. She has additionally served two terms on the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, the accrediting body for U.S. medical schools. Dr. Cassell obtained her B.S. from the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and her Ph.D. in microbiology from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, which selected her as its 2003 Distinguished Alumnus. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine.

Major CLAIRE CORNELIUS, D.V.M., is pursuing a Ph.D. in microbiology as part of a U.S. Army Long-Term Health Education and Training opportunity at the University of Chicago. Her research interests include plague pathogenesis and vaccine design. Previously, she served as post veterinary officer, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; force veterinarian, Multinational Forces and Observers, Sinai Peninsula, with duty in Egypt and Israel; and branch chief, Yokosuka Branch Veterinary Services, Japan, with additional duty in Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, Hong Kong, and Indonesia in support of public health and civic action programs. She has been a member of two research teams investigating malaria and hemorrhagic viruses in the Amazon basin, Iquitos, Peru.

TIMOTHY ENDY, M.D., serves as associate professor of medicine at the State University of New York Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, New York. Dr. Endy specialized in virology and emerging diseases at the U.S. Army Military Component in Bangkok, Thailand, from 1996 to 2001. Dr. Endy subsequently served in the Department of Virology at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, as assistant chief and then chief of the division. From July 2003 until his retirement at the rank of colonel in 2006, Dr. Endy served as director of the Division of Communicable Diseases and Immunology

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