Chapter 6


1Schwartz, D.L., Bransford, J.D., and Sears, D. (2005). Efficiency and innovation in transfer. In J.P. Mestre (Ed.), Transfer of Learning from a Modern Multidisciplinary Perspective (pp. 1-51). Greenwich, CT: Information Age.


2National Research Council. (2002). Scientific Research in Education. Committee on Scientific Principles for Education Research. R.J. Shavelson and L. Towne (Eds.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


3Serrell, B. (1998). Paying Attention: Visitors and Museum Exhibitions. Washington, DC: American Association of Museums.


4National Science Foundation. (2008). Framework for Evaluating Impacts of Informal Science Education Projects. Available: [accessed October 2009].


5Institute for Learning Innovation. (2007). Evaluation of Learning in Informal Learning Environments. Paper prepared for the Committee on Science Education for Learning Science in Informal Environments.

Chapter 7


1Heath, S. (2007). Diverse Learning and Learner Diversity in “Informal” Science Learning Environments. Background paper for the Committee on Science Education for Learning Science in Informal Environments. Available: [accessed November 2008].


2Allen, G., and Seumptewa, O. (1993). The need for strengthening Native American science and mathematics education. In S. Carey (Ed.), Science for All Cultures: A Collection of Articles from NSTA’s Journals (pp. 38-43). Arlington, VA: National Science Teachers Association.

Banks, J.A. (2007). Educating Citizens in Multicultural Society (2nd ed.). New York: Teachers College Press.

Cajete, G. (1993). Look Top the Mountain: An Ecology of Indian Education. Skyland, NC: Kivaki Press.

MacIvor, M. (1995). Redefining science education for aboriginal students. In M. Battiste and J. Barman (Eds.), First Nations Education in Canada: The Circle Unfolds (pp. 73-98). Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Malcom, S.M., and Matyas, M.L. (Eds.). (1991). Investing in Human Potential: Science and Engineering at the Crossroads. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Snively, G. (1995). Bridging traditional science and Western science in the multicultural classroom. In G. Snively and A. MacKinnon (Eds.), Thinking Globally About Mathematics and Science Education (pp. 53-75). Vancouver: University of British Columbia, Centre for the Study of Curriculum and Instruction.


3Barton, A.C. (2008). Creating hybrid spaces for engaging school science among urban middle school girls. American Educational Research Journal, 45(1), 68-103.

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