16McLaughlin, M. (2000). Community Counts: How Youth Organizations Matter for Youth Development. Washington, DC: Public Education Fund Network.

  

17Noam, G., Biancarosa, G., and Dechausay, N. (2003). After-School Education: Approaches to an Emerging Field. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.

  

18Adapted from the following sources: 2002-2003 Report, MERITO website: http://montereybay.noaa.gov/educate/merito/outreach-community.html [accessed February 2010], and National Marine Sanctuaries News & Events: Innovative Education Program Heightens Ocean Awareness: http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/news/features/0706_merito.html [accessed February 2010].

  

19Anderson, D., Lawson, B., and Mayer-Smith, J. (2006). Investigating the impact of a practicum experience in an aquarium on pre-service teachers. Teaching Education, 17(4), 341-353.

  

20Weaver, D., and Wiitala, W. (2006). 2006 LASER Implementation Study Results. Portland, OR: RMC Research Corporation.

  

21National Research Council. (2006). Systems for State Science Assessment. Committee on Test Design for K-12 Science Achievement. M.R. Wilson and M.W. Bertenthal (Eds.). Board on Testing and Assessment, Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

National Research Council. (2007). Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8. Committee on Science Learning, Kindergarten Through Eighth Grade. R.A. Duschl, H.A. Schweingruber, and A.W. Shouse (Eds.). Board on Science Education, Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.



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