sharing activities among museums, 48

teacher professional development, 180-182

things to try, 184-185

value of, 179

Color Connection (exhibit), 84-86

Community partnerships, 121, 122, 123, 126, 129, 132, 136, 153, 154, 155, 158, 176-179, 184

Conservation, 81-83, 96-97, 110

Conversations and discussions

adult-child interactions, 7, 63-66, 73-76

affective talk, 72

as assessment tool, 66, 68-72, 79, 106, 107

conceptual talk, 70-71

connecting talk, 71

content analyses of discussions, 106

designing space for, 46, 66

evidence of learning, 68, 71

with experts, 2

explanatory, 73-76

facilitating discussion, 10, 11, 46, 122

in family settings, 1, 64-65, 166

learning opportunities, 2, 3

mediating strategies, 76, 79

and motivation to learn, 63-64, 86

perceptual talk, 69-70

provoking discussion, 6, 8, 12, 67

research challenges, 66, 68

scientific norms and language learned in, 64, 66

strategic talk, 71-72

things to try, 79

TV viewing with, 65, 77, 78

Coral Reef Adventure (movie), 81-82, 107

Cornell Lab of Ornithology, 22-24, 33, 66, 149

Cosmic Serpent, 137

Cousteau, Jacques-Yves, 161

Craik, Fergus, 152

Crowley, Kevin, 73, 74, 75

CSI: Crime Scene Investigations, 29

Cultural, diversity, and equity issues

audience development initiatives, 122, 123-127, 129

building community relationships, 128, 129

challenges of engaging nondominant cultures, 120, 122, 123-124, 128

designing inclusive exhibits, 15, 120-127, 129, 132-136, 152, 158

equity issues, 120-127, 143-146

generational issues, 123

integrating culture and science, 15, 89-93, 119-120, 132-136

language barriers, 120, 121, 122, 127, 129

in learning, 14-15

out-of-school-time programs, 143-145

outreach model, 121, 123

for people with disabilities, 120, 128, 130-131, 152, 154, 155

things to try, 32, 136, 158

tools and artifacts, 15

Culture of science.

See also Scientific practices

program examples, 89-91, 144-145, 146, 170-174

social interactions, 15, 19-20, 30, 32

strand 5, 17, 30, 47, 55, 64, 93, 146, 151, 173

tools and language, 20, 23, 25, 27, 29, 30, 43-48, 55, 64, 146, 151, 173

values of scientists, 20-21

D

Davidson, Betty, 130

Designed environments.

See also Libraries;

Museums and exploratoriums;

Zoos and aquariums

assessment as part of, 66, 68, 71-72, 103-104, 107, 112

examples, 2, 3-4

extending the learning experiences, 4

interactivity in, 3-4, 40, 41-48

programs in, 4

time frame of experiences, 4

Designing for science learning

Active Prolonged Engagement exhibits, 15, 48-49, 50

age considerations, 139, 157

challenges, 48-54

characteristics that encourage learning, 5, 37-38, 83-86

cohort considerations, 155-157

community partnerships, 121, 122, 123, 126, 129, 132, 136, 153, 154, 155, 158, 176-179, 184

computer modeling, 51

connected learning experiences, 162

cultural and diversity issues, 15, 120-127, 129, 132-136, 152

evaluation component, 111-113

exploratory experiences, 16



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