children and youth, 30-31, 173, 178

conceptions of, 94

and deeper engagement with science, 30, 97-99

design of learning experiences, 47, 48, 81-82, 95, 96-97

family values, 94-95

interest development and, 93-97

as interest driver, 95-97

strand 6, 27, 30-31, 47, 48

things to try, 100-101

Science learning. See Informal science learning environments

Science Museum of Minnesota, 43, 44-46, 62, 81, 131

Science North, 162

Science Now, Science Everywhere (program), 163

Science of Dragon Boats (exhibit), 129

Scientific practices. See also Culture of science

backyard research, 15-16, 21, 22-24, 25, 32

Cell Lab experience, 43-48, 52, 66, 107, 109

data collection and documentation, 22, 58, 110, 134, 150, 179

interactions with people, 64

LabVenture! program, 170-174, 179, 186

NSF evaluation framework, 110

Scientific reasoning

conversation and, 66, 74

designing activities for, 42, 47, 87

examples, 28, 92-93

interactive experiences, 41, 42, 66, 74

naïve, 182

NSF evaluation framework, 109

opportunities for, 28, 47

process, 28-29, 47, 146

short-term vs. long-term experiences, 42

strand 3, 27, 28-29, 42, 47, 87, 92, 110, 146, 151, 173

Scientists

cultural values, 15, 20-21

mentoring role, 65-66

stereotypes, 19

Search for Life (exhibit), 37

Secaucus Senior Center, 154

Secrets of Circles (exhibit), 124-126

Senior citizens

cognition and learning, 152-153

with disabilities, 129, 130-131, 152

effective strategies, 155

planning programs for, 151-154

science identity building, 30-31

Serrell, Beverly, 88

Service at Salado (program), 66

Sesame Street, 65

Sierra Club, 10

60 Minutes, 162

Skeleton exhibit, 41-42

Smithsonian Institution, 164

Social interactions.

See also Conversations and discussions;

Parent-child interactions in citizen science, 65-66

and cognition and learning, 14, 15, 17, 46, 66, 78-79, 83, 87, 93, 97, 122

cultural variation in beliefs, values and norms, 122

in museum exhibits, 52, 65, 66, 122

in science, 15, 19-20, 30, 32

Spickelmier, Grant, 6, 7, 12

SRI International, 188

St. Louis Center for Inquiry in Science Teaching and Learning, 189, 190

St. Louis Science Center, 48, 52, 53-54, 62, 78, 93, 109

Storytelling, 56-60, 119

Strands of science learning

in assessments, 108-110, 179

designing learning experiences, 31-32, 41-42, 47-48, 87

framework, 26-31

interconnectedness, 26, 92-93

NSF evaluation framework compared, 109-110

strand 1, see Interest and motivation

strand 2, see Understanding content and knowledge

strand 3, see Scientific reasoning

strand 4, see Reflecting on science

strand 5, see Culture of science

strand 6, see Science identity building

things to try, 32-33

Summer programs, 4, 53, 104, 127, 131, 133

Symington, David, 168

T

Teachers and teaching

field trip involvement, 167, 168-170

in informal settings, 148-149



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