professional development in informal settings, 180-182

time available and quality of, 55

Tech Museum (San Jose, CA), 81-82

Teenage Designers of Learning Spaces, 53-55, 109

Television

conversational interaction during shows, 65, 77, 78

educational shows, 2, 3, 7, 15, 16, 56, 57-59, 75, 141, 146, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 183

effect on learning, 166

entertainment shows as learning venues, 29

extended learning experiences, 56, 57-59, 161, 164, 165, 183

interactivity, 40, 56, 57-59, 65

Thirsty Scholar Pub, 8, 9-11

Thogersen, Erik, 50, 51, 52, 66, 112

21st Century Learning Centers, 143

Twin Cities Public Television, 56

U

Understanding content and knowledge

design of learning experiences and, 29, 41-42, 47, 52, 86

examples, 27, 41-42

naïve understanding, 14, 38

persistence of, 42

prior knowledge and, 39-40

strand 2, 7, 26-27, 41, 47, 52, 87, 110, 146, 179

United Senior Center Hackensack, 154

University of British Columbia, 180

University of California at Santa Cruz, 188, 189

University of Michigan, 182

V

Vacations, learning-oriented, 4, 161

Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre, 180-181

Videos. See Films and videos

Vietnamese Audience Development Initiative, 123-126

Vietnamese culture, 122, 123-127, 129

Visitor Studies Association, 115

Volunteering, 2, 3, 4, 6, 31, 44, 45, 65-66, 91, 97, 133, 175

W

Wartella, Ellen, 65

WGBH public television outreach, 8, 9, 10

Wiehe, Ben, 9-11, 12

Wind River Reservation, 132

WolfQuest (game), 5, 6-7, 8, 12, 18, 106, 107, 109, 156

Y

Yellowstone National Park, 6, 144-146

Yelp, 164

Z

Zoetrope exhibit, 73

Zoos and aquariums

after-school programs, 178

assessment of learning experiences, 180-181

diversity initiatives, 127

extended learning opportunities, 161, 183

generally, 2, 3

interactive components, 42

membership, 82

motivation for visiting, 82, 83, 93, 96-97

teacher training opportunities, 180



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