Synopsis: Describes the benefits of greater sharing of business and other data among federal agencies, the barriers (mainly the need to maintain confidentiality), and possible approaches. Covers issues of data access relevant to economics and other social sciences.

Expanding Access to Research Data: Reconciling Risk and Opportunities (2005)

Panel on Data Access for Research Purposes, National Research Council

Synopsis: Focuses on expanded access to microdata from studies conducted by federal statistical agencies under pledges of confidentiality. Describes barriers to data access that are common in the social sciences, and develops approaches to overcoming them.

Building an Electronic Records Archive at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA): Recommandation for a Long-Term Strategy (2005)

Committee on Digital Archiving and the NARA, National Research Council

Synopsis: Develops a comprehensive long-term strategy for how the NARA should approach archiving digital data. Many of the issues and barriers identified in the report, and the recommended strategies for addressing them, are relevant to a wide range of research fields and organizations charged with stewardship of research data.

Improving Data to Analyze Food and Nutrition Policies (2005)

Panel on Enhancing the Data Infrastructure in Support of Food and Nutrition Programs, Research, and Decision Making, National Research Council

Synopsis: Examines existing data sources used to support policy making and policy evaluation in food and nutrition programs. Recommends steps to strengthen the data infrastructure in this area. A good example of an end-use-motivated inventory of open and proprietary data sources.

Electronic Scientific, Technical, and Medical Journal Publishing and Its Implications: Report of a Symposium (2004)

Committee on Electronic Scientific, Technical, and Medical Journal Publishing and Its Implications and Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy, The National Academies

Synopsis: Summarizes a symposium that considered the changing digital environment for scholarly publishing.

Licensing Geographic Data and Services (2004)

Committee on Licensing Geographic Data and Services, National Research Council

Synopsis: Addresses the growing practice whereby federal agencies license geographic data from private vendors for their own use and for the use of outside researchers. Provides guidelines for when and under what circumstances agen-

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