Preparing for the Revolution: Information Technology and the Future of the Research University (2002)
Panel on the Impact of Information Technology on the Future of the Research University, National Research Council
Synopsis: Broad overview of information technology changes and their implications for the research university. Calls attention to the institutional role in preserving and disseminating knowledge, including data.
Transforming Remote Sensing Data into Information and Application (2001)
Steering Committee on Space Applications and Commercialization, National Research Council
Synopsis: Examines possibilities for applying remote-sensing data to new applications and the implications for policy. Illustrates the value of data reuse while also recognizing that developing new applications may carry considerable costs. Points out the lack of standard data protocols and formats as a barrier to using data for new applications.
Issues for Science and Engineering Researchers in the Digital Age (2001)
Office of Special Projects, National Research Council
Synopsis: A broad overview of how information technology is transforming science and engineering research, and the implications for researchers. Highlights the importance of ensuring the quality of digital data and the challenges of stewardship.
Resolving Conflicts Arising from the Privatization of Environmental Data (2001)
Committee on Geophysical and Environmental Data, National Research Council
Synopsis: Defines appropriate spheres for the public and private sectors in the growing field of environmental data. Recommends that the public sector should continue to collect and synthesize data, and to provide such data at no more than the marginal cost of reproduction with no usage restrictions. The private sector would focus on value-added distribution and specific observational systems.
Improving the Collection, Management, and Use of Marine Fisheries Data (2000)
Ocean Studies Board, National Research Council
Synopsis: Describes the current system of data collection, management, and use in the marine fisheries field, and recommends improvements. Illustrates the growing need to work across sectors to improve data quality and stewardship in a “small science” field that is highly relevant to policy.