Databases and repositories.

See also Stewardship;

individual databases

access to, 73, 83

defined, 29

developmental questions about, 21

disciplinary depositories, 27, 100, 102

integrity of data, 21, 46, 50

ownership issues, 73-74, 140-141

reference collections, 29, 30

research collections, 29, 30

resource collections, 29, 30

for supporting data, 89

tools for building, 100-101

Digital data.

See also Research data;

individual disciplines

ownership, 73

projected growth, 12, 13

quantity, 1, 11-12, 13, 29, 84-85

risks to reliability, 96-99

transfer rates, 11

trends, 14-15

units of size, 11, 12

Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, 75, 140

Digital networks, 83-84

Digital technology

in astronomy, 14-15

challenges posed by, 1-2, 19, 22, 74-75

computing power, 11-12, 20

and copyrights, 74-75

education impacts, 18

and integrity of data, 1, 3-4, 21, 33-34, 37, 44, 46-50

in neurosciences, 20-21

public policy implications, 18

research impacts, 1, 12-18, 20-21, 34-35, 44, 51, 55-56, 57-58, 85, 139, 140

sensors and sensor networks, 11, 16-17

simulations and mathematical modeling, 1, 17, 20

and stewardship, 1-2, 19, 22, 27

storage devices, 11

Diversity of data

in collection types, 29, 30

cross-disciplinary, 27-28

in origins, 28-29

DNA.

See also Genomic data

“junk,” 41

E

Earth Observing System, 17

Ecological Society of America, 39, 111, 112, 113

Economic issues, 21, 22, 26, 43, 44, 59, 69-70, 71-72, 85, 87, 89, 98-99, 105-106, 113

Economics research, 47, 50, 64, 65, 105-106

Educational considerations, 70

Employment Responses to Global Markets data, 105-106

Environmental sciences, 17, 104, 133-134, 137, 139

European Community Directive on the Legal Protection of Databases, 75

European Southern Observatory, 64

Experimental data, 1, 13, 16, 17, 20, 22, 23, 26, 27, 29, 35, 40, 42, 45, 64, 67, 109, 136

Extramural grants, federal policies on, 52-53

F

Federal policies

on access, 48-49, 60-61, 62, 68-69, 74, 78-79, 82-83, 91-92

on integrity, 52-53

on stewardship, 79, 104-106, 113, 133-134, 137

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 38, 39

Fischer, Paul, 71-72

Fluxes Over Snow Surfaces Project, 30

Food and Drug Administration, 48

Fostering Integrity in Research, Scholarship, and Teaching, 56

Freedom of Information Act, 80

G

Galaxy Redshift Surveys, 14

Galaxy Surveys, 14

GenBank, 3, 46, 47, 52, 83, 104

Gene expression data, 20

General Accounting Office, 81

Genomic data, 16, 20, 60-61, 69, 77-78, 95, 96, 134, 136

Geographic data and services, 75-76, 133-134, 135-136

Georgia Open Records Act, 71

Geosciences, 98, 138



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