achieving this objective in the digital age can be either easier or more difficult than in earlier times.

Chapter 3 considers the issues of accessing and sharing research data. The research enterprise is built on the precept that researchers will make the data on which publicly disseminated conclusions are based available to their colleagues so that others can verify and build on those data. Accessibility is vital for ensuring the integrity of research data and facilitating their future use.

Chapter 4 discusses the stewardship of research data, that is, their long-term preservation in databases for various future research uses and other applications. Preserving data collections can be expensive and difficult—so much so that it can compete with the conduct of research. Yet the loss of many kinds of research data also can incur substantial costs.

The final chapter reorganizes recommendations that have appeared earlier in the volume according to different actors within the research community rather than thematically. It also discusses how action can be motivated when responsibility for research integrity, accessibility, and stewardship is shared across the components of the research community. Each part of the research enterprise has much to gain or lose, depending on how research data are managed, and each has a role to play in ensuring the integrity, accessibility, and stewardship of research data.

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