to keep it. Or researchers and institutions may have different perspectives on how to respond to outside requests for access to data, including requests made under the auspices of the DAA or in connection with litigation. As described earlier in this chapter, requests for information can go beyond research data to information about a researcher’s personal life.

Procedures for handling requests for data that either intentionally or inadvertently hamper the progress of research need special attention. Although the data from publicly funded research should be accessible in general, exploiting the norms of science to slow or stop the progress of research harms society. For example, institutional policies might stipulate that an institution will come to the aid of researchers in disputes with third parties, but researchers also must comply with institutional policies.

Many journals play a critical role in ensuring access to the data that support the publications appearing in those journals (see Box 3-6 for an example). Access to those data may be lost as journals evolve under the pressures of dramatic changes being catalyzed by digital technologies. The following chapter covers the responsibilities of journals to make data accessible in the context of the long-term preservation of research data.

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